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EDUC 504
Page 1 of 9
PHILOSOPHY MATRICES TEMPLATE
(The names beside each philosophy are just for reference to help you connect the philosophy with specific philosophers.)
Traditional Philosophies
IDEALISM (Plato)
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Axiology
Learner’s
Nature
Teacher’s Role
Curricular
Focus
Methodology
Criticisms
An eternal
reality exists
such that the
human being
can achieve
individualized
potential in
obtaining
wisdom and
virtue; A
reality of
Perfect ideas
known as The
Form of The
Good.
The individual
mind
conceives
knowledge
through
introspection;
Recollection of
unconscious
truths we
forgot via
intuition.
Countered the
Sophists idea
of Relativism-
which
suggested
there exists no
truth.
The purpose of
a state was to
cultivate good
ethical
practices and
virtue in its
citizens.
Plato’s
Republic
analyzes
Pathos, Logos,
Ethos. 3
Classes of
inhabitants;
where
individual
aptitude is
assessed by
educators.
Possessing a
desire for
knowledge of
the Truth.
Desire to
promote
universal
Good.
Ethical
Implemented
axioms that
inspired
Plato’s deep
investigation
into the nature
of knowledge,
the Immortal
Soul, and
reality.
Curriculum
essentials
included study
of mathematics
(mathematics
is a higher
form of
knowledge),
and esoteric
philosophy.
Verbal
Lectures.
Most lessons
were taught
orally.
Emphasized
verbal and
written
exercises.
Debates/discus
sions
Challenged the
individual to
seek ethical
perfection
through self-
isolating from
the secular
world in order
to pursue their
own vision;
“Ivory
Tower”;
REALISM (Aristotle)

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EDUC 504
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Metaphysics
Epistemology
Axiology
Learner’s
Nature
Teacher’s Role
Curricular
Focus
Methodology
Criticisms
A world of
Perfect Ideas
exists by a
duality of form
and matter; we
live in a world
of causation;
potential forms
become
actualized
realities.
Acquire
knowledge by
relative
experience
with sensible
objects;
knowledge is
made real by
the abstract
concept
learned from
that
experience;
mind and body
are separate
entities that
exist as duality
of form and
matter.
Hierarchy of
natural
progression;
all life
develops into
higher forms
with the
Human being
as the highest
form, mineral
life as the
lowest.
Classified
natural
phenomena via
Aristotelian
System;
The Universe
is teleological,
purposeful;
importance of
practicing
good habits.
Applied
inductive
reasoning to
investigating
nature and the
material world
of sensible
objects.
Analytic;
sought to
understand the
world through
subject
relativism.
Philosopher-
mentor who
provoked an
investigation
of Truth and
Reality; an
analysis which
proves the
reality of The
Form of the
Good; lectures.
Applied
natural
philosophies to
areas of
science and
mathematics.
Spoken word
dialogue.
Researching
and studying
the natural
world in order
to understand
reality;
postulate
theories and
couple with
scientific data
to know what
is real;
Virtue or good
habits are
relative to
present
situations and
are
emotionally
driven;
Aristotelian
system
encouraged
teachers to
assess student
ability by
performance
instead of
virtue.
NEO-SCHOLASTICISM (Thomas Aquinas)

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EDUC 504 PHILOSOPHY MATRICES TEMPLATE (The names beside each philosophy are just for reference to help you connect the philosophy with specific philosophers.) Traditional Philosophies IDEALISM (Plato) Metaphysics An eternal reality exists such that the human being can achieve individualized potential in obtaining wisdom and virtue; A reality of Perfect ideas known as The Form of The Good. Epistemology Axiology Learner’s Nature Teacher’s Role Curricular Focus Methodology Criticisms The individual mind conceives knowledge through introspection; Recollection of unconscious truths we forgot via intuition. Countered the Sophists idea of Relativismwhich suggested there exists no truth. The purpose of a state was to cultivate good ethical practices and virtue in its citizens. Plato’s Republic analyzes Pathos, Logos, Ethos. 3 Classes of inhabitants; where individual aptitude is assessed by educators. Possessing a desire for knowledge of the Truth. Desire to promote universal Good. Ethical Implemented axioms that inspired Plato’s deep investigation into the nature of knowledge, the Immortal Soul, and reality. Most lessons were taught orally. Emphasized verbal and written exercises. Debates/discus sions Challenged the individual to seek ethical perfection through selfisolating from the secular world in order to pursue their own vision; “Ivory Tower”; Curriculum essentials included study of mathematics (mathematics is a higher form of knowledge), and esoteric ...
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