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SOC/100 Version 2 Introduction to Sociology UP

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1) Early in life, a person learns to slant his or her presentation of the self to create distinctive
appearances and to satisfy particular audiences. This process is known as
A. anticipatory socialization.
B. reverse socialization.
C. impression management.
D. face-work.
2) According to Jean Piaget’s cognitive theory of development, the stage in which children begin
to use words and symbols to distinguish objects and ideas is called the
A. formal operational stage.
B. preoperational stage.
C. sensorimotor stage.
D. concrete operational stage.
3) Which term was used by George Herbert Mead to refer to the child’s awareness of the
attitudes, viewpoints, and expectations of society as a whole?
A. symbolic other
B. significant other wrong answer
C. generalized other correct answer
D. impression management
4) The dramaturgical approach is
A. the process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a
transition in one’s life.
B. a framework developed by George Herbert Mead.
C. a view of social interaction in which people are seen as theatrical performers.
D. a phrase used to emphasize that the self is the product of our social interaction with others.
5) Which of the following terms refers to the process of discarding former behavior patterns and
accepting new ones as part of a transition in one’s life?
A. Anticipatory socialization
B. Resocialization
C. Role divestment
D. Desocialization
6) The key event that marks the rite of passage into adulthood in the United States is
A. getting married.
B. celebrating one’s 18th birthday. Wrong answer
C. reaching the legal drinking age.
D. completing formal schooling. Correct answer

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7) A woman who was socialized from infancy to become a wife and mother settles comfortably
into being a homemaker in her twenties and early thirties. However, her husband dies suddenly,
and she must enter the paid labor force to support herself and her two children. This woman will
most likely have to undergo a process of
A. resocialization.
B. socialization.
C. anticipatory socialization.
D. reverse socialization.
8) Gender roles are
A. the biological characteristics of males and females, such as genital organs, hormones, and
body hair.
B. the biologically determined patterns of behavior that are appropriate for males and females.
C. expectations about the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females.
D. universally consistent learned behaviors of males and females.
9) As children grow older, their peer groups become more and more important relative to the
influence of
A. the mass media.
B. the state.
C. the family.
D. religion.
10) Which of the following statements reflects a functionalist view of education as a socializing
agent?
A. A teacher’s style may often influence classroom interaction.
B. Schools are frequently used by those in power to maintain their power and to continue the
subjugation of those with lower status.
C. Schools can reinforce the divisive aspects of society, especially those of social class.
D. Schools are responsible for teaching the values and norms of the larger society.
11) As primary agents of childhood socialization, schools play a critical role in teaching children
the values and customs of the larger society. This view of the socialization process is most likely
of particular importance to which sociological perspective?
A. Global perspective
B. Conflict perspective Wrong answer
C. Functionalist perspective
D. Interactionist perspective

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12) A teacher plans a trip to the theater for a junior high school class. As part of the preparation,
the teacher tells students how they should dress and how they will be expected to act inside the
theater. This is an example of
A. role taking.
B. social promotion.
C. the dramaturgical approach.
D. socialization.
13) Which theory attributes increases in crime and deviance to the absence or breakdown of
communal relationships and social institutions?
A. Conflict theory
B. Labeling theory
C. Cultural transmission theory
D. Social disorganization theory
14) An important tenet of labeling theory is the recognition that some individuals or groups have
the power to define labels and apply them to others. This view shares the emphasis on the social
significance of power as purported by the
A. interactionist perspective.
B. conflict perspective.
C. global perspective.
D. functionalist perspective.
15) Which sociological perspective’s approach to deviance focuses on why rule violation
continues to exist in societies despite pressures to conform and obey?
A. Interactionist perspective
B. Conflict perspective
C. Feminist perspective
D. Functionalist perspective
16) The social constructionist perspective is most closely affiliated with which other sociological
explanation of deviance?
A. The anomie theory of deviance
B. Labeling theory
C. Social disorganization theory
D. The theory of differential association

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