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Assignment 2 LASA 1 Development Throughout the Lifespan Erikson sychosocial development and Freud P

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Assignment 2 Lasa 1 Promoting Cognitive Development
PSY 362
Different theorist have differing opinions on what makes people the way
they are and why people do what they do. Freudian theory is probably
one of the most well-known theories for most people. Many theorists still
use some of the basic ideas presented by Freud in present day
psychology. Another theorist that was influential and proposed ideas that
are still used in modern psychology is Burrhus Fredric Skinner. Skinner
is best known for his theories concerning various ways of conditioning.
Many things are theorized to affect the development of a person’s
personality. Some theories seem to be more accurate than others, but
most theories are still considered to hold some fact of measure of truth.
The experiences that take place while an infant or in young childhood
are usually considered to be a great influence on personality
development (Feist, J., & Feist, G. J., 2009). But they are not the only
factors. Experiences and desires later in life are also big factors in who
people are and why people do what they do. A great deal of personality
theory is based around what makes people do what they do; also called
motivation. Even though a person’s entire life can affect their personality,
most theories are based on early development. There are theories
based around if a person has siblings; and where they fall in the lineup
of siblings. There are theories based around the culture that a person
grows up in and experiences. There are theories based on the biological
make-up of the individual (Feist, J., & Feist, G. J., 2009).
Skinner was the oldest child of a home-maker and a lawyer. He was
much more independent then his brother, until his brother died when
skinner was starting college. After the death of their younger child,
Skinners parent became much more attentive and determined to keep
their child close. Skinner desired to become a writer, but after taking a

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year to try and achieve this goal he found that he was not able to put
words to paper in the correct manner. So, he turned to psychology. He
was most interested in behavioral psychology and spent several years
doing research at Harvard and eventually was selected to be part of the
Society of Fellows, a program designed to promote creative thinking in
gifted young men. Because of his parents’ determination to keep their
remaining son close, Skinner was still financially dependent on his
parents well into his forties. Even after Skinner was a well-known
behaviorist he had no desire to be financially independent. Being an
older sibling did have an effect on Skinner, as did the death of his
brother. The over baring need of his parents to keep a manner of control
over their son also influenced Skinners behavior throughout his life
(Feist, J., & Feist, G. J., 2009). A person’s culture also can affect their
personality development. Skinner was a very detached child and felt that
his parents loved his brother more than him. His culture would have
approved of this model of life in some way ("Role Of Culture In Forming
Personality", 2009). Skinner experienced several identity crises during
his life, this may have been because of the instability presented by his
parents favoring his brother until his death and then showing an
overbearing amount of focus on their remaining child.
According to Freud’s theory Skinner went through a large change in his
life during the anal stage (Feist, J., & Feist, G. J., 2009). This was when
his younger brother was born. His parents bonded easily with their new
son and the older Skinner felt that his brother was favored. Freud would
probably have theorized that Skinner had repressed many of his feelings
of inadequacy during this time and that would have affected his
development later in life. The continuation of these feeling into the phallic
stage would continue to effect Skinner’s development. During the anal
phase children often act aggressively towards their parent and they
begin masturbation in the phallic phase. These behaviors would have
seemed more sever when compared to the angelic presence of the new
baby. This may have caused them to deal with these rebellions and
normal parts of development in a harsher manner. This would have
caused Skinner to repress his feelings about these activities and about
what he was feeling at that time as well (Feist, J., & Feist, G. J., 2009).
Erikson would have agreed with Freud that the life changing
experiencing of gaining a younger sibling during early childhood would
have had an effect on his development (Feist, J., & Feist, G. J., 2009).
But Erikson would not have related the effect in relation to sexual

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