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Ps 270 Week 3 DQs




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PSY 270 Week 3
DQ 1
Those who suffer from generalized anxiety may “experience excessive anxiety under most
circumstances and worry about practically nothing (Comer, 2005, p. 96).” According to the
psychodynamic perspective generalized anxiety is a result of anxiety issues which stem from
childhood and typically involve the child-parent relationship. The cognitive perspective is based
on the belief that generalized anxiety is the result of “maladaptive assumptions” which is
basically caused by an unreasonable or unrealistic way of thinking. According to the humanistic
perspective generalized anxiety is the product of continued self-repression of thoughts, emotions,
and behaviors which eventually causes high anxiety within an individual. The biological
perspective states that generalized anxiety is a result of low activity of a specific
neurotransmitter, called GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid), within the brain. The biological
perspective also states that this type of disorder has a genetic basis (Comer, 2005).
It is difficult for me to decide which perspective I agree with most because I think that they all
make good points. I don’t think that all cases of generalized anxiety can be placed within the
same perspective. The causal factors for generalized anxiety can vary from one case to the next,
which leads me to believe that any of the perspectives can be correct depending on the
individual. I have to admit that the perspective that I agree with least is the humanistic
perspective mainly due to the fact that I personally find it difficult to relate to.
Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth.

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DQ 2
Everyone experiences fear at some point in their life, but a phobia is a constant irrational fear of
an object or even a situation. A phobia can cause so much emotional upset within a person that it
can interfere with their daily life. Regular fears are not as persistent as phobias, and often
regular fear will diminish after the object (or situation) is gone. This is not the case with
A social phobia would make it extremely difficult for an individual to function normally within
society. Social phobias affect a person’s ability to interact with others because they are
consumed by the thought of being embarrassed or saying or doing the wrong thing (Comer,
2005). Often time people with social phobias find it difficult to make friends or acquaintances
because of their social phobia. Individuals with specific phobias may also find that it affects
their ability to function normally in society. If a person has a constant irrational fear of an object
or situation this may prevent them from performing daily tasks because they are so concerned
with avoiding the object or situation.
There are several ways that an individual can develop a phobia. In some cases phobias can be
learned (classical conditioning), which means that the person can develop a phobia due to the
experiences or encounters that they have which they then associate with the certain object or
situation behind their phobia. People can also be influenced by the fear of other people
(modeling), which can also lead to the development of phobias (Comer, 2005).
Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth.

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