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Psy 270 Week 5 DQs

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Week 5 DQs
DQ 1
Both anorexia and bulimia are extremely dangerous eating disorders that can lead to many
negative health issues or even death. They both have individual characteristics that set them
apart from one another. Anorexia sufferers often have an extremely distorted body image and
they often refuse to eat because they are afraid to gain weight. Females who suffer from
anorexia may also stop menstruating, which is a condition that is referred to as amenorrhea.
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder in which the individual goes on binges and then vomits or
uses other means to rid themselves of the food that they ingested. Many bulimics will develop
dental problems due to the excessive amount of vomiting as well. Amenorrhea may also occur in
bulimics but not as prominently as it does in anorexia sufferers. Often times people who suffer
from bulimia suffer from a personality disorder and experience severe mood swings (Comer,
2005). The main driving force behind either eating disorder is a distorted self-image and desire
to be thin. I would say that the causes are both internal and external. There are definitely
psychological issues going on in both cases. I would say that the causes are both internal and
external. Like many disorders the actual causes vary from one person to the next, but overall I
believe that many anorexia or bulimia sufferers experience a combination of both.
Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth.
DQ 2
The psychodynamic viewpoint emphasizes the influence of childhood experiences in relation to
substance abuse patterns. According to the psychodynamic viewpoint people who are prone to
substance abuse experienced a lack of nurturance during their childhood, which could have lead
to strong dependency needs (Comer, 2005). As a result the individual would be at a higher risk
of experimenting with drugs and/or becoming dependent on drugs. Comer (2005, p. 301) states
that “people who abuse or depend on drugs tend to be more dependent, antisocial, impulsive,
novelty-seeking, and depressive than other people.”
Since the psychodynamic viewpoint on substance abuse focuses on early childhood experiences
treatment often involves helping the individual discover underlying issues that may have led to

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their development of substance abuse and dependency. Once the underlying issues have been
uncovered the therapist attempts to help the individual overcome their dependency on drugs.
The psychodynamic method of treatment is not as effective as other methods of treatment when
applied alone but when combined with other treatments it is usually more effective (Comer,
2005).
Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth.

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