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Psy 230 week 2 checkpoint History of Personlity Psycholgy appendix B

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Axia College Material
Appendix B
History Matrix
Directions: Using the matrix, list at least five events or major concepts from each of the three periods in the history
of modern personality psychology.
1930 - 1950 1950 - 1970 1970 - Present
Example:
* Learning from animal responses.
Allport (1937) In 1937, Gordon
Allport published the first major
textbook on personality: Personlity:
A Psychological Interpretation.
Psychology of the individual
Murry’s (1938) Personological
system
Rogers (1942) Humanistic theory
Erickson (1950) Psychosocial
theory of personality development
and various derivatives of American
behaviorism and social learning
theory
Example:
* Specialized psychology
departments.
Eysenck (1952) Extraversion and
trait theories
Kelly (1955) Cognitive theory of
personal constructs
Hall & Lindsey (1957) Personality
textbooks organized the field
according to these grand systems,
variously dividing the systems into
psychoanalytic and psychosocial
theories
Taylor (1953) Anxiety
Example:
* The Big Five model.
Carlson (1971) chastised
personality psychologists for
ignoring the grand theories of the
early years and straying away from
their implicit mandate to study real
lives and whole persons in depth.
Fiske (1974) Wondered whether
perhaps personality psychology
had gone about as far as it could
go, limited as it is by its reliance on
imprecise verbal reports of people
Shueder (1975) Questioned the need
for any form of psychology based
on individual differences.

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Freud, Jung, Adler (1930s)
comprehensive theories of
personality derived from clinical
observation and rooted in the
European psychoanalytic tradition.
McClelland (1961) Need for
achievement
Mischel’s (1968, 1973) Critique in
which he argued against
explanations of human behavior
based on internal personality trait
and in favor of explanations that
focused on the situational and
cognitive social learning
determinants of behavior.
McCrae & Costa (1990) Wiggins
(1996) Trait models for personality
have regained their status and
influence in psychology as a whole,
especially with the emergence of
the Big Five factor model for
personality traits.

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