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Chapter 23 key

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For you patts Smart Book Reading: Microorganisms, also know as ___, are organisms that are typically so small in size that they can be seen only with the use of a microscope. Microbes Archaea and Bacteria: are examples of prokaryotes The term protist is derived from the Greek word protos, meaning First Which of the following are characteristics of fungi? • Eukaryotic • Most produce cell walls containing chitin • Not photosynthetic The process in which an organism receives genetic material from another organism without being the offspring of that organism is called ___ gene transfer, while ___ gene transfer occurs from parent to offspring Horizontal Vertical Microorganisms are best defined as: organisms that cannot be seen without the use of a microscope Of the two types of prokaryotes, organisms in the domain ___ are more closely related to the domain Eukarya Archaea Eukaryotes share a number of cellular features with the _______, suggesting common ancestry. Archaea Which term comes from the Greek word meaning first, reflecting the observation that they were the first eukaryotes? Protist _____ proteins are associated with the DNA of eukaryotes and archaea, but not bacteria. Histone Small eukaryotic organisms that are not photosynthetic, sometimes occur as hyphae, and that often produce cell walls containing chitin are called Fungi Extremophiles are organisms that: live in harsh environments Horizontal gene transfer occurs _______, while vertical gene transfer occurs ___ ...
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