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Human rights in islam west and last sermon

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Human Rights in Islam
The Last Sermon Hajjatul Wada:
1) Right to Sanctity of Life and Property:
“O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this
city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every
Muslim as a sacred trust.”
“Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs
to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and
willingly.”
2) Right to Ownership:
“Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful
owners.”
3) Eradication of Economic Exploitation:
“ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest),
therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be
waived.”
4) Eradication of Racialism and Ethnicity:
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no
superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any
superiority over an Arab; also a white has no
superiority over black nor a black has any superiority
over white except by piety and good action.”
5) Right of Society Members to Equality:
“O people, every Muslim is the brother of the other
Muslim, all the Muslims form one Brotherhood. All of
you are as equal as the fingers of a hand
6) Rights of Husband/Wives Protected:
“O’ people! Verily you have got certain rights over your
women and your women have certain rights over you.
It is incumbent upon them to honor their conjugal
rights, and not to commit acts of impropriety, which if
they do, you are authorized by Allah to separate them
from your beds and chastise them, but not severely,
and if they refrain, then clothe and feed them
properly.”
7) Kind Treatment to Slaves:
“And your slaves! See that you feed them with such
food as you eat yourselves, and clothe them with the
same clothes that you, yourselves wear; and if they
commit a fault, then part from them, for they are the
servants of Lord and are not to be harshly treated
8) Abolition of Lawlessness:
“Behold! All practices of the days of ignorance are now
under my feet. The blood revenges of the days of
ignorance are remitted. The first claim on blood I
abolish is that of Ibn Rabiah bin Harith who was nursed
in the tribe of Sa’ad and whom Hudhail killed.
9) Right to inheritance:
“O people, Allah, the mighty and Exalted has ordained
to everyone his due share (of inheritance). Hence there
is no need of special testament for an heir”
10) Newborn’s Right to Ancestral Sanctity:
“The child belongs to the marriage-bed and violator of
wed lock shall be stoned and reckoning of their deeds
rests with Allah.”
11) Responsibility of Crime on the Criminal
himself:
Beware! No one committing a crime is responsible for
it but himself. So, let no one of you be blamed for the
acts of his father or his son”
12) Payment of Dues:
“All debts must be repaid, all borrowed property must
be returned, (and) gifts should be reciprocated.”
13) Right to Guidance:
Verily I have left amongst you that which will never
head you astray, the book of Allah and my example, the
Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go
astray.”
14) Right of Awareness of Future Generations:
“Let him that who is present, convey it unto him who is
absent, for many people to whom the message is
conveyed may be more mindful of it than the
audience.”
The Farewell address is equally notable for the
universal message it has for mankind as a whole.
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Western Approach:
The Westerns define human rights in the
contemporary term. This is because the term human
rights is a phenomenon new to them. The people of
the West have a habit of attributing every good thing
to themselves and try to prove that it is because of
them that the world got this blessing, otherwise the
world was rotting in ignorance and completely
unaware of it. It is very explicitly claimed that the world
got the concept of human rights from the Magna Carta
that took place in 1205. The fact is that till the 17
th
century, no one was even aware of the contents of
Magna Carta. In fact, Westerners had no concept of
human rights and civil rights before 17
th
century. The
practical proof of these foundations manifested in the
French and American proclamations and
constitutions in the late 18
th
century. In the middle of
the 20
th
century, the UN made a Universal Declaration
of Human Rights in which it defined human rights as
Those rights, which are inherent in our nature and
without which we cannot live as human beings”.
Moreover, it has also passed numerous resolutions
against genocide. Ironically, none of the resolution
which UN passes can be enforced as they have no
sanctions behind them, no force, physical or moral, to
enforce them. Despite the highly ambitious resolutions
of UN, human rights are being violated and trampled
upon at various places and UN remains a helpless
spectator. Be it the heinous genocide against the
Muslims in Kashmir, Palestine or Myanmar, UN has no
power and strength to take any steps to enforce
human rights. No action has been taken against any
country guilty of this most serious human rights
violation.
Islamic Approach:
When we speak of human rights in Islam, we refer to
the rights granted to us by God; they have not been
granted by any king or legislative assembly. The rights
granted by the king or legislative assembly can be
withdrawn in the same manner as they were
conferred. Dictators can openly violate and withdraw
the rights they have conferred onto people. But since
in Islam human rights have been conferred by God, no
legislative assembly in the world and no government
on earth can overturn, change or amend them.
Neither they are the basic rights which are conferred
on paper for the sake of show and denied in actual life.
Nor they are philosophical concepts with no sanctions
behind them. They are a part and parcel of one’s faith
and every Muslim or administrator who claim
themselves to be Muslims will have to accept,
recognize and enforce them. One shall be accountable
to God if they fail to enforce and accept them or
practically violate them. “Those who do not judge by
what God has sent down are the dis Believers (kafirun)”
(5:44). The following verse also proclaims: "They are
the wrong-doers (zalimun)" (5:45), while a third verse
in the same chapter says: "They are the evil-livers
(fasiqun)" (5:47). Thus all those temporal authorities
who claim to be Muslims and yet violate the rights
sanctioned by God belong to one of these two
categories. The rights which have been sanctioned by
God are permanent, perpetual and eternal.
Western vs Islamic Point of View:
Islam gave the human rights without any protest and
demand to all mankind without any discrimination. It is
provided to every person because there is no
aristocracy in Islam. They are given to human being for
his dignity and respect from Allah Almighty. Islamic
human rights consist of revelation whereas western of
mind.
Last Sermon vs UDHR 1948
UDHR in the backdrop of colossal human suffering in
WWII and the largest human displacement in 1947. It
forced nations to develop a legal document laying
down the parameters for human behavior for the
peace of the world. On the other hand, the sermon of
Prophet is remarkable not only for its eloquence, but
also for the sublime message for the whole human
race. It was a declaration of human rights and moral
values, a charter of women rights. Every word of it
speaks of the magnanimity and the aim of establishing
righteousness and fair dealing on workable basis. It
works at establishing Muslim brotherhood despite the
divergence of geography, race and color. It provides an
outline for a social order free from oppression and
injustice.
Islam legislated the principle for human rights 14
centuries ago. UDHR is in fact the revival of human
rights principles enunciated by Islam and does not
present a new thing. First ever Charter of Human
Rights. Moreover, the important feature of Islamic
Human rights is its practicability and enforceability.
The UNO Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a
simply statement of beautifully worded human

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Human Rights in Islam The Last Sermon Hajjatul Wada: 1) Right to Sanctity of Life and Property: “O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust.” “Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly.” 2) Right to Ownership: “Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners.” 3) Eradication of Economic Exploitation: “ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived.” 4) Eradication of Racialism and Ethnicity: “All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action.” 5) Right of Society Members to Equality: “O people, every Muslim is the brother of the other Muslim, all the Muslims form one Brotherhood. All of you are as equal as the fingers of a hand” 6) Rights of Husband/Wives Protected: “O’ people! Verily you have got certain rights over your women and your women have certain rights over you. It is incumbent upon them to honor their conjugal rights, and not to commit acts of impropriety, which if they do, you are authorized by Allah to separate them from your beds and chastise them, but not severely, and if they refrain, then clothe and feed ...
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