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St john s ap psychology study guide intelligence

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St. John’s AP Psychology Study Guide
Intelligence
Intelligence ~ ability to learn from experience, solve problems, + use knowledge to adapt to new
situations
Ex. 1 Amazon rain forest -> knowledge of medicinal qualities of local plants
Ex. 2 North American high school -> mastering difficult concepts in tough courses
Intelligence test ~ assesses people's mental abilities + compares them with others
numerically
"G": general intelligence > Spearman = underlies specific mental abilities + is
measured by every task on an intelligence test
o Support ~ those who score higher than average in other areas, such as verbal
intelligence, score higher than average on spatial or reasoning ability
o Refutes ~ savant syndrome people & a champion weightlifter rarely has the
potential to be a skilled ice skater
factor analysis > a statistical procedure that identities clusters of related items
Savant Syndrome = people who typically score poorly on intelligence tests, but have
specific talent or skill for which they are exceptional
o Ex. Kim Peek in the Real "Rain Man" & Matt Savage, award winning jazz
musician
Income + intelligence scores potentially positively correlate > Zagorsky

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Gardner vs. Steinberg
Agree: -multiple intelligences
o there is more to success than traditional intelligence
Disagree: -on the number of/how many intelligences
o puts/generalizes a lot of skills in creative intelligence for Steinberg
Emotional Intelligence ~ ability to manage, perceive, + point out emotion
Components = perceiving, understanding, managing, + using emotions
People with emotional intelligence achieve greater personal and professional
success
o Critics: think that this intelligence is stretched too far
Brain Anatomy + Intelligence
Positive correlation between brain size and intelligence scores
Gray + white matter allow communication between brain's circuits
Intelligence and Newal (on intelligence tests)
High scores on intelligence tests tend to have agile brains + score high in speed of
neural processing and speed of perception
Origins of Intelligence
Tests
Francis Galton thought genius was inherited, but failed to create an intelligence test
Alfred Binet > mental age: chronological age that corresponds usually to a certain
level of performance, to ID kids who had learning disabilities
IQ = (mental age/chronological age) * 100
Binet's work was revised -> Stanford (by Terman) - Binet created IQ, intelligence
quotient
either kids were very gifted, or they struggled
Lewis Terman
changed Binet's IQ test in Stanford
o believed only people who are smart would/should have kids together
o like Trump + kicking all the immigrants out
super smart kids did do better in life
changed since it was skewed to the White upper class
too linguistic/verbal + culturally based

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St. John’s AP Psychology Study Guide Intelligence Intelligence ~ ability to learn from experience, solve problems, + use knowledge to adapt to new situations • Ex. 1 Amazon rain forest -> knowledge of medicinal qualities of local plants • Ex. 2 North American high school -> mastering difficult concepts in tough courses Intelligence test ~ assesses people's mental abilities + compares them with others numerically • "G": general intelligence > Spearman = underlies specific mental abilities + is measured by every task on an intelligence test o Support ~ those who score higher than average in other areas, such as verbal intelligence, score higher than average on spatial or reasoning ability o Refutes ~ savant syndrome people & a champion weightlifter rarely has the potential to be a skilled ice skater • factor analysis > a statistical procedure that identities clusters of related items • Savant Syndrome = people who typically score poorly on intelligence tests, but have specific talent or skill for which they are exceptional o Ex. Kim Peek in the Real "Rain Man" & Matt Savage, award winning jazz musician • Income + intelligence scores potentially positively correlate > Zagorsky Gardner vs. Steinberg • Agree: -multiple intelligences o there is more to success than traditional intelligence • Disagree: -on the number of/how many intelligences o puts/generalizes a lot of skills in creative intelligence for Steinberg Emotional Intelligence ~ ability to manage, pe ...
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