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General microbiology ppt notes summary

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GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY: BOTA 131 PREPARED BY: ONYAMBU N. ENOCH SCHOOL OF PURE AND APPLIED SCIENCES KISII UNIVERSITY- 2021 Course description Objectives: The student should be able to explain: • The history of microbiology • Significance of microbiology • The techniques used in isolation, identification and cultures techniques of different microorganisms. Course content: • Defination and scope of microbiology, Nomenclature and classification of microorganisms, Microscopy techniques, The techniques used in isolation, identification and cultures techniques of different microorganisms. UNIT 1: HISTORY&SCOPE OF MICROBIOLOGY 1.1 Introduction • Define Microbiology: • Microbiology is the study of living organisms of microscopic size, which include bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, and the infectious agents at the borderline of life that are called viruses. • Microbiology is the study of organisms that are usually too small to be seen by the unaided eye or naked eye. • The science that deals with microorganisms. • Microbiology in relation to medicine is concerned mainly with isolation and identification of microorganisms that cause disease. • It is concerned with their form, structure, reproduction, physiology, metabolism, and classification. • It includes the study of their distribution in nature, their relationship on each other and to other living organisms, their effects on human beings and on other animals and plants, their abilities to make physical a ...
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