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Ethical concerns in research

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Introduction
The conduct of psychological research involving human participants requires researchers
to consider several ethical issues. Often, psychological research involves the systematic
collection of data, whereby professionals in the field seek to analyze the data as obtained from
different human participants. In this regard, researchers ought to observe a series of ethical
concerns, in order to ensure that research benefits both the participants and researchers.
This paper discusses the ethical aspect of research. It focuses on the various domains of
ethical principles and their integration into human research. A discussion about primary ethical
principles as well as the ethical obligations of researchers provides a strong background. The
paper further provides a comprehensive review of ethical considerations in relation to two
research articles, besides outlining the ethical issues that are present in the field of psychology.
Ethical Concerns of Human Research
In all psychological research situations, investigators need to evaluate the ethical issues
and psychological consequences associated with their research, as far as the participants are
involved. In other words, research should be conducted in such a way that it promotes the well-
being of participants, thus, it should not infringe their rights even in the least way possible.
Therefore, researchers should eliminate threats that are likely to affect the health, psychological
status, and dignity of all participants.
There are various ethical principles that dictate the course of research using human
participants. The primary principles implicated in psychological research include informed
consent, confidentiality, deception, debriefing, withdrawal from research, and protection from
harm. In addition, researchers are required to be vigilant about ethical concerns related to their
responsibility. This includes, adhering to principles such as respect for the privacy, autonomy,

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and dignity of human participants (individuals and community), social responsibility, and
scientific integrity. Researchers are ethically responsible, when it comes to these principles.
Each of the aforementioned ethical principles contributes to human research in various
ways. According to the British Psychological Society (BPS), (2015), informed consent ensures
that participants are given the opportunity to engage in research freely by being presented with
sufficient information. Additionally, the process of obtaining consent from participants should be
consistent with the research topic and procedures. Researchers should ensure that they consider
the nature and risks of research participation when formulating procedures for consent.
In the case of confidentiality, researchers should ensure that information about
participants, as obtained during research, remains confidential. The mandate to disclose
confidential information solely depends on the participant. Moreover, in psychological research,
the right of participants to expect that their information will be maintained confidentially should
be respected (BPS, 2015). Researchers should warn participants if the warrant of confidentiality
is not reliable.
In psychological research, deception is an act of deceiving participants in order to obtain
information. The principle of deception should be used sparingly and only in various
circumstances. Researchers should only use deception if disclosing full information to
participants is likely to jeopardize a component (s) of research design. Therefore, deception
should occur if, it strengthens the validity of a research study, the research question has solid
scientific merit, and researchers have devised effective risk management strategies. Nevertheless,
deception should not cause harm or discomfort to participants and should be specified during the
ethics review process.

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Introduction The conduct of psychological research involving human participants requires researchers to consider several ethical issues. Often, psychological research involves the systematic collection of data, whereby professionals in the field seek to analyze the data as obtained from different human participants. In this regard, researchers ought to observe a series of ethical concerns, in order to ensure that research benefits both the participants and researchers. This paper discusses the ethical aspect of research. It focuses on the various domains of ethical principles and their integration into human research. A discussion about primary ethical principles as well as the ethical obligations of researchers provides a strong background. The paper further provides a comprehensive review of ethical considerations in relation to two research articles, besides outlining the ethical issues that are present in the field of psychology. Ethical Concerns of Human Research In all psychological research situations, investigators need to evaluate the ethical issues and psychological consequences associated with their research, as far as the participants are involved. In other words, research should be conducted in such a way that it promotes the wellbeing of participants, thus, it should not infringe their rights even in the least way possible. Therefore, researchers should eliminate threats that are likely to affect the health, psychological status, and dignity of all participants. ...
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