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Biology 1

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BIOLOGY
APPLYING BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
o Applying scope of biotechnology.
o Define biotechnology
o Describing biotechnology
o Giving examples of biotechnology applications.
Outlining the process of fermentation
o Microorganisms in food and beverage production
Cheese
Wine
Yoghurt
Beer
Bread
Milk
Identifying mushroom cultivation requirements.
Fungal habitants
Fungal diseases
Growth requirements of fungi
Symbiotic relationship of fungi and other organisms
Outlining the significance of antibiotics
Antimicrobial action
Types of antibiotics
Side effects
Allergy
Apply seed testing technique (Lab technique)
Germination test
Purity
Test for viability ( TZ Test)
Weed test
Identifying transgenic organisms
Defining Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Production of GMOs

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Ethical issues
Transgenic microbes
Transgenic animals
Transgenic plants
Production of antibiotics and insulin by natural or GMO
microorganisms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any
technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to
make or modify products or processes for specific use or benefit of man
In short, biotechnology involves the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other
purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of
antibiotics, hormones, etc .
Scope of biotechnology
This field covers a range of various highly interdisciplinary areas that combines biological
sciences with engineering technologies to manipulate living organisms and biological systems to
produce products that advances medicine, agriculture, food, pharmaceuticals and environment
control.
Examples of application of biotechnology
Production of food and beverages using microorganisms
Production of Vaccines and Antibiotics
Production of Biofuels
Cultivating of Pest Resistant Crops
Nutrient Supplementation etc
Identifying transgenic organisms
Defining Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Production of GMOs
Ethical issues
Transgenic microbes
Transgenic animals
Transgenic plants
Production of antibiotics and insulin by natural or GMO microorganisms
Genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered
using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism). A more
specifically defined type of GMO is a "transgenic organism.

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BIOLOGY APPLYING BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY o Applying scope of biotechnology. o Define biotechnology o Describing biotechnology o Giving examples of biotechnology applications. • Outlining the process of fermentation o Microorganisms in food and beverage production ▪ Cheese ▪ Wine ▪ Yoghurt ▪ Beer ▪ Bread ▪ Milk • Identifying mushroom cultivation requirements. ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ • • • Fungal habitants Fungal diseases Growth requirements of fungi Symbiotic relationship of fungi and other organisms Outlining the significance of antibiotics ▪ Antimicrobial action ▪ Types of antibiotics ▪ Side effects ▪ Allergy Apply seed testing technique (Lab technique) ▪ Germination test ▪ Purity ▪ Test for viability ( TZ Test) ▪ Weed test Identifying transgenic organisms ▪ Defining Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) ▪ Production of GMOs 1 ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Ethical issues Transgenic microbes Transgenic animals Transgenic plants Production of antibiotics and insulin by natural or GMO microorganisms Biotechnology Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use or benefit of man In short, biotechnology involves the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorga ...
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