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HUM 115 Critical Thinking & Creative Problem Solving Notes

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Hum/115 Notes
Chapter 1
Critical Thinking, Why It’s Important
Lack of critical thinking skills can have negative consequences in our everyday decisions
When it comes to making our personal, educational, and career choices, If we do not
use our critical thinking skills we could cave to pressure from our parents and friends on
what to do with our lives, rather than think through the reasons for our personal
decisions
When major life decisions are not carefully thought out there can be long lasting
consequences such as, Dropping out of school or choosing a career path we are
unhappy with
Improving your critical thinking skills have a positive impact on our success in college
What Is Critical Thinking?
Critical Thinking- A collection of skills we use every day that are necessary for our full
intellectual and personal development
The word Critical is derived from the Greek word Kritikos which means “discernment”,
“the ability to judge”, or “decision making”
Critical thinking requires learning how to think rather than simply what you think
Critical thinking, like logic requires good analytical skills
Logic- The study methods of principals used to distinguish correct or good arguments from
poor arguments
Critical thinking involves the application of the rules of logic as well as gathering
evidence, evaluating it, and coming up with a plan of action
Critical thinking Provides us with the tools to identify and resolve issues in our lives
Critical thinking is not simply asserting our opinions on a matter
Opinions- A belief based soley on personal feelings rather than on reason or facts
We are all entitled to our opinions, however opinions are not necessarily reasonable

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Hum/115 Notes
Opinions no matter how deeply held may be mistaken
As a critical thinker you need to be willing to provide logical support for your beliefs
Unformed opinions can lead to poor decisions you may later regret
The ability to think critically and make good life decisions is shaped by many factors like,
our stage of cognitive development, the possession of good analytical communication,
research skills, open mindedness, flexibility, and creativity
Becoming a critical thinker is a life long process
o Critical thinking involves Logic, gathering evidence, evaluating it and coming up
with a plan of action, Where as Opinions are just how you feel about something
but have good reason or evidence behind it
Barriers To Critical Thinking
Resistance
Avoidance
Anger
Denial/ Ignorance
Conformity
Distractions
Fallacy
Narrow Mindedness
Cognitive Development In College Students
Cognitive Development- The process by which one becomes an intelligent person
Stage 1: Dualism
Freshman and Sophomore’s, tend to take in knowledge and life experiences in a
simplistic, “Dualistic” way, viewing something as either right or wrong
They see knowledge as existing outside of themselves and looking to an authority figure
for the answers
When Confronted with a situation with a situation we are more likely to follow an
authority figure, even if we feel uncomfortable doing so

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Hum/115 Notes Chapter 1 Critical Thinking, Why It’s Important • Lack of critical thinking skills can have negative consequences in our everyday decisions • When it comes to making our personal, educational, and career choices, If we do not use our critical thinking skills we could cave to pressure from our parents and friends on what to do with our lives, rather than think through the reasons for our personal decisions • When major life decisions are not carefully thought out there can be long lasting consequences such as, Dropping out of school or choosing a career path we are unhappy with • Improving your critical thinking skills have a positive impact on our success in college What Is Critical Thinking? ❖ Critical Thinking- A collection of skills we use every day that are necessary for our full intellectual and personal development • The word Critical is derived from the Greek word Kritikos which means “discernment”, “the ability to judge”, or “decision making” • Critical thinking requires learning how to think rather than simply what you think • Critical thinking, like logic requires good analytical skills ❖ Logic- The study methods of principals used to distinguish correct or good arguments from poor arguments • Critical thinking involves the application of the rules of logic as well as gathering evidence, evaluating it, and coming up with a plan of action • Critical thinking Provides us with the tools to identify and ...
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