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Lesley luma exam philo

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PHILOSOPHY EXAM
LESLEY LIENGU LUMA
1. What do you think what is it that everyone does know and what everyone should know?
Knowledge refers to the information, facts and skills a person acquires through learning, life
experiences and it seems to be more like a way of getting at the truth.
I think everyone needs to know who they are, their identity, gender and cultural background.
We all need to know the above-mentioned things because they help us stay focused in life,
gives us our identity and know where we are headed. Another name for this is personal
philosophy and it helps us not to wander in life and have a stable sense of direction.
2. Why should we trust the experts?
We should trust experts because they are experienced and know have knowledge on what
they are talking about. the world is in such a mess today because most people don’t listen to
experts despite the fact that they have credentials, evidence, proven facts and a good track
record of competent performance.
It is ok to listen to experts but not ok to believe everything they say because despite their
expertise they are human and aren't prone to failures. Nonetheless this doesn’t mean they are
wrong about most things, on the contrary they are right about a lot of things that have been
vital to our lives.

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3. What is knowledge according to Plato? What are the problems with the definition?
Plato famously defined knowledge as ‘the justified true belief’. He strongly argued that what
we know is a recollection of what we experienced and obtained in our former life and that
our souls have all the knowledge in this world and we learn through or by recollecting what
the soul already knew. According to him, for one to have knowledge on something, he has to
have the following positions;
The proposition must be believed
The proposition must be true
The proposition must be supported by good reasons, I.e., you must be justified in
believing it.
Socrates first rejected his first observation that true belief is knowledge and he gave the
example of a court scene and a judge passing judgment over the accused not on what he
knew but on what he heard.
His second observation is that knowledge and perception are the same. Socrates rejects this
by saying that ‘we can perceive without knowing and we can know without perceiving’. For
example, we can see and hear a sound without us knowing what or where it is coming from.
If we can perceive without knowing, then knowledge cannot be the same as perception.
Plato's third observation is ‘that true belief along with a logical account is knowledge, but
true belief without a logical account is different from knowledge’. The only problem here is
the use of the word account. All the definitions of the word account are not valid for this
argument.
The problem with his definition is that we cannot know so much on a particular topic or
subject given that we have limited knowledge on it. Gettier attempts to illustrate this by
means of two counterexamples that there are cases where individuals can have justified, true
belief regarding a claim but still fail to know it because the reasons for the belief, while
justified, turns out to be false. Thus, Gettier claims to have shown that the JTB account is

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PHILOSOPHY EXAM LESLEY LIENGU LUMA 1. What do you think what is it that everyone does know and what everyone should know? Knowledge refers to the information, facts and skills a person acquires through learning, life experiences and it seems to be more like a way of getting at the truth. I think everyone needs to know who they are, their identity, gender and cultural background. We all need to know the above-mentioned things because they help us stay focused in life, gives us our identity and know where we are headed. Another name for this is personal philosophy and it helps us not to wander in life and have a stable sense of direction. 2. Why should we trust the experts? We should trust experts because they are experienced and know have knowledge on what they are talking about. the world is in such a mess today because most people don’t listen to experts despite the fact that they ha ...
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