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Assignment 3 Social, Behavioral, and Psychosocial Causes of Diseases Type 2 Diabetes (T2D)

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Assignment 3 Social, Behavioral, and Psychosocial Causes of Diseases Type 2
Diabetes (T2D)
Use the Internet and Strayer databases, and recall your readings in Chapter 15 of Introduction to
Epidemiology and Chapter 15 of Epidemiology for Public Health Practice to complete this
assignment.
Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:
Analyze the development of T2D in the U.S., and compare its development to developing
countries in general. Using T2D statistics, compare the rates in the U.S. to the rates in your
home state. In addressing community concerns, analyze the cost of treating T2D in your
community. Suggest five (5) prudent steps to address the psychosocial proliferation of the
disease. Provide support for your suggestion. Propose at least six (6) steps to address T2D in
your current or previous workplace environment, and recommend the one (1) you believe to be
the most important. Provide support for your recommendation. Use at least six (6) peer-
reviewed academic resources in this assignment.These must come from journal sources.
Note: Fact Sheets, Wikipedia, and non-academic Websites do not qualify as academic
resources.
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a disease that alters the health of individuals
worldwide (Nolan, Damn, & Prentik, 2011). T2D requires a genetic
predisposition, which, in combination with environmental factors and
lifestyle leads to its development (McCance, 2012). Insulin resistance
is a key factor responsible for the progression, which may lead to beta
cell dysfunction (Schofield & Sutherland, 2012).
In the pre-diabetic phase, glucose levels remain normal but once beta
cell dysfunction occurs, sufficient amounts of insulin secretion
decreases (Ismail-Beigi, 2012). The purpose of this paper is to relate

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beta cell dysfunction and insulin resistance to the development of type
2 diabetes. In this paper I discuss both the pathogenesis and risk
factors of the disease. I examine how the cells of the pancreas respond
to increased glucose levels and how this progresses. I also consider
the treatment and prevention of the disease.
Defining Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus can be defined as a disorder that results in chronic
hyperglycemia (McCance, 2010). T2D is characterized by insulin
resistance and elevated glucose production, (Mannino & Sesti, 2012),
associated with excessive lipid accumulation in tissue (Corpeleijn et
al., 2008).
Etiology
T2D is a result of both genetic and environmental factors (McCance,
2010). It is an autosomal dominant disorder, although there is no
pattern that determines the outcome (Irland, 2011). There are several
genes that have been identified that correlate with the development of
T2D, most of which code for beta cell mass and function (McCance,
2010). The progression to T2D requires environmental factors as well

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