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Assignment 4 Recognizing Employee Contributions

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Assignment 4 Policy Outcomes
Assignment 4 Policy Outcomes
Assignment 4: Policy Outcomes
1. Construct constitutive and operational denitions for any three (3) of the actions and outcome
variables listed in the shaded box under Review question 1 at the end of Chapter 6 (Note: The box
includes Program expenditure, Equality of educational opportunity, Energy consumption)
2. Identify three (3) policy problems listed in the shaded box under Review Question 5 and
determine an appropriate indicator or index that would help determine whether each of the
identied problems are being solved through government action. Justify your position on each.
(note: The box includes Work alienation, School dropouts, Poverty).
3. Construct valid rebuttals to the following argument using at least four (4) threats to validity: (B)
The greater the cost of an alternative, the less likely it is that the alternative will be pursued. (W)
The enforcement of the maximum speed limit 55 mph increases the costs of exceeding the speed
limit. (I) The mileage death rate fell from 4.3 to 3.6 deaths per 100 million miles after the
implementation of the 55-mph speed limit. (c) The 55 mph speed limit (National Speed Law of
1973) has denitely successful in saving lives.

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Assignment 4 Policy Outcomes
Impacts of Globalisation on Policy Making
Are governments prepared to operate effectively in an international
policy environment? How can the impacts of globalisation on democratic
processes be managed to protect core values such as accountability,
responsiveness, and transparency? What future do governments
envisage for "global governance"?
From Autonomy to Influence -- preparing for a global policy role
THE IMPACTS OF GLOBALISATION ON POLICY-MAKING
1. Globalisation has changed the context in which governments operate.
Even traditionally domestic issues are increasingly influenced by
international actors and international events that are beyond national
governments' ability to control, either individually or collectively. This has
evoked a good deal of hand-wringing and fears that national policy
autonomy -- or even national sovereignty -- is being undermined. These
fears, while important, may be short-sighted. While globalisation poses
many challenges for national governments, it also holds many
opportunities. International co-operation offers new opportunities to
improve overall policy effectiveness and to address common policy
dilemmas. But are national governments adequately equipped to
manage the problems and reap the benefits of globalisation?
2. The following discussion examines the impacts of globalisation on
policy making1. It raises questions related to three main themes:

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Assignment 4 Policy Outcomes
3. may international interest groups, the global newsmedia, multinational
enterprises and the vagaries of globalised financial markets all influence
the demands on governments and the policy options available to them.
Participation in international organisations or the adoption of
international agreements -- in effect, a voluntary pooling of sovereignty --
can further reduce policy-makers room to manoeuvre. It may even
require modifications in long-standing and highly valued domestic
policies and practices. For example, the Nordic tradition of open public
access to government information may have to be restricted to conform
to the need for confidentiality required by membership in the European
Union.
4. Interdependence is clearly narrowing the degree of domestic policy
independence. But is independence even desirable? Unilateral action
may not be the most effective way to achieve policy outcomes or to meet
the needs of citizens in an interdependent world. For example, national
autonomy in the exploitation of fisheries would inevitably result in the
severe depletion, if not destruction, of common resources. Many other
important policy goals cannot be met by governments acting alone. In
combating environmental degradation, international crime, and drugs
trafficking, the interests of individual nations can only be protected by
collective action. Moreover, international co-operation can open new
opportunities for progress, such as establishing rules of the game for
international information highways or a global financial system. Co-
ordinated decision-making therefore offers opportunities to improve
policy effectiveness.
The problems facing modern governments cross national borders as
never before. Governments consequently feel that they have lost
"control" over their national policy agenda. National and
2PUMA/MPM(95)5
5. While the global policy environment reduces government autonomy
over its own actions, it simultaneously allows governments to have more
"influence" over policies in other countries either directly or through
participation in international policy making processes. How are OECD
governments organising to influence the international policy agenda?

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