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Theories Of Development

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Theories of Development
Nurses have to incorporate theories into their work to improve practice quality and
validate their choices. Various theories from related fields like learning and psychology are
incorporated into nursing to ensure that nurses' actions are guided. Some of the theories
applicable to nursing, especially nursing and health education, are the learning and psychological
theories. Three such theories are Freud's theory, Erick Erickson's, and Kohlberg's. The three
theories are applicable in nursing practice, especially in patient education and understanding
patients' behaviors.
Freud's theory describes the human personality as a result of the id, ego and the superego.
The id allows the person to do what they want regardless of the relevant consequences. For
instance, a child may relieve themselves despite people being present regardless of what they
will think. The superego is the overly judgmental aspect of the personality (Linda & Angela,
2019). The ego mediates the id and the superego and leads to a common ground between
morality and desires or impulse. In nursing, the theory explains the differences between the
behaviors of children and adults. Nurses may understand why they need to treat children in
certain ways. For instance, they understand that children may take sweets based on impulse
despite knowing they may hurt them.
Erick Erickson's theory concerns the changes in people's psychology as they grow up.
The theory divides the process of psychological growth into eight stages that are spread from
birth to old age (Costa, 2020). Erickson’s theory concerns biological, psychological and social
factors. For instance, trust vs. mistrust in early childhood to integrity vs. despair in old age.
According to Killam (2017), “arrested development” may lead to a variety of concerns,
behavioral problems, or adverse events for students, regardless of their ages”. Therefore, the

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1 Theories of Development Name Institution Course Professor Date 2 Theories of Development Nurses have to incorporate theories into their work to improve practice quality and validate their choices. Various theories from related fields like learning and psychology are incorporated into nursing to ensure that nurses' actions are guided. Some of the theories applicable to nursing, especially nursing and health education, are the learning and psychological theories. Three such theories are Freud's theory, Erick Erickson's, and Kohlberg's. The three theories are applicable in nursing practice, especially in patient education and understanding patients' behaviors. Freud's theory describes the human personality as a result of the id, ego and the superego. The id allows the