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Midterm Integration Paper 1

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Running head: MIDTERM INTERGRATION PAPER 1
Midterm Integration Paper
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MIDTERM INTERGRATION PAPER 2
Midterm Integration Paper
I found the discussion on operant and classical conditioning and how they influence the
learning of new attitudes and emotions to be quite interesting. Attitudes, emotions and feelings
form when one experiences something, listens or observes someone else's experience. Under
operant conditioning, a person learns by linking behaviour to a specific consequence or action
(Myers, 2016). For example, when a child gets a reward on completing their homework, they
learn to associate assignment with a good thing, and this motivates the child. Operant
conditioning revolves around the assumption that reinforcements accompany every action. In
case an action results in a positive reinforcement the frequency of engaging in the activity
increases in the future and vice versa.
Under classical conditioning, one learns by establishing a link between different stimuli
and events. Classical conditioning helps in understanding people’s attitudes toward different
things. For example, a person bitten by a dog develops a phobia or dislike for the animal because
they lean to associate dogs with pain. There are three phases of classical conditioning namely
before, during and after conditioning (Myers, 2016). Classical conditioning is significant in
helping individuals deal with anxiety issues or phobia. In psychotherapy, a therapist can
repeatedly pair a relaxation technique with anything which triggers anxiety to assist a patient to
overcome their phobia.
Before reading the e-book, I was not aware of the eight stages of development as
explained by Erickson. From the readings, I was able to learn that everyone passes through
different and unique phases of life from birth to their ultimate death. Chronologically, Erickson's
stages of growth are; trust vs mistrust, autonomy vs shame, initiative vs guilt, industry vs
inferiority, identity vs identity confusion, intimacy vs isolation, generativity vs stagnation and

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Running head: MIDTERM INTERGRATION PAPER Midterm Integration Paper Name Institution Affiliation 1 MIDTERM INTERGRATION PAPER 2 Midterm Integration Paper I found the discussion on operant and classical conditioning and how they influence the learning of new attitudes and emotions to be quite interesting. Attitudes, emotions and feelings form when one experiences something, listens or observes someone else's experience. Under operant conditioning, a person learns by linking behaviour to a specific consequence or action (Myers, 2016). For example, when a child gets a reward on completing their homework, they learn to associate assignment with a good thing, and this motivates the child. Operant conditioning revolves around the assumption that reinforcements accompany every action. In case an action results in a positive reinforcement the frequency of engaging in the activity increases in the future and vice versa. Under classical conditioning, one learns by establishing a link between different stimuli and events. Classical conditioning helps in understanding people’s attitudes toward different things. For example, a person bitten by a dog develops a phobia or dislike for the animal because they lean to associate dogs with pain. There are three phases of classical conditioning namely before, during and after conditioning (Myers, 2016). Classical conditioning is significant in helping individuals deal with anxiety issues or phobia. In psychotherapy, a therapist can repeate ...
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Anonymous
Awesome! Perfect study aid.

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