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Psy 201 Week Five

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Week Five
DQ1 – Sally and Bob have a 3-year-old son, Jimmy. Sally thinks Jimmy has aggressive behavior because
he watches too much TV. Bob thinks Jimmy has aggressive behavior just because he is a boy and boys
are typically more aggressive than girls. Identify what the problem and issue are in this scenario.
The problem in this scenario is that the 3-year-old child is showing signs of aggressive behavior.
Depending on the cause and if anything is done, this type of behavior can create a violent child in the
future and could possibly get worse because there would be nothing to stop it. The issue that Sally and
Bob are experiencing is over nature versus nurture. Both parents have their own opinion on whether the
TV (environment) or being a boy (genetics) is causing their son to be aggressive. Nurture suggests that
environmental influences affect behavior in which Sally is basing her decision and the nature refers to
hereditary factors influencing behavior causing Bob to believe it's just because Jimmy is a boy. With that
said, they should actually be trying to determine how much of each is contributing to the childs behavior
because in reality, both are influencing Jimmy.
DQ2 – What do you think influences our behavior more: nature, nurture, or a combination of both?
Explain your answer.
Nature and nurture both play an important role in our behavior. Even though I believe that everyone is
influenced by both, I think nurture has a slight advantage over nature. Nature insists that the heredity and
genetic makeup of each person is the reason that people behave a certain way. Nurture though, suggests
that the environment is the cause of certain behaviors. As children I think most of the behavioral influence
comes strictly from the environment. Everything that we see, hear, and experience gets stored and has an
affect. If a child sees a red stove top for the first time, heredity probably won't influence it to stay away,
however, burning of the hand will definitely change the behavior in future situations like that. As people
get older though, nature begins to have a greater effect on behavior. It's what allows them to make up
their own minds to act a certain way because they are more conscious of the environmental influences.
DQ3 – Review the Children's Social Status tutorial located at the following link:
http://media.pearsoncmg.com/pcp/pcp_94178_psych_axia/sim_social_status/index.html and locate
Figure 7 on p. 300 of Psychology and Your Life.
Explain the development of social behavior. How does attachment and parental styles influence adult
produced behaviors in children?
The development of social behavior is most likely related to the different types of social status' we
experience. Even as children, there are separations and classifications that set some apart from others.
There are three classifications which are popular, neglected, and rejected with each one being measured
by peer nomination and calculated by social preference and social impact scores. Attachment and
parental styles have a direct influence on children because they learn and respond to that particular
environment. The strict standards of an authoritarian generally produces unfriendly behavior in children
whereas an authoritative parenting style will likely produce behavior such as self reliance, independence,
and good social skills. The attachment comes from the child wanting to be noticed, relaxed, strict,
etc. and that's why the different parenting styles have such a large influence in their behavior. With the
exception of the authoritative style, the child is missing something that isn't provided with the other
parenting styles which changes their behavior.
DQ4 – Refer to pp. 301 & 302 of Psychology and Your Life. Which stage is affected by the level of
caregiver control? Which stage is discusses feeling of inadequacy and failure. Can you relate to the
stages as described? Provide an example.

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The level of caregiver control affects the autonomy-versus-shame-and-doubt stage of psychosocial
development. In this stage, the age ranges from 1 1/2 years old to three years old. If freedom and
exploration are encouraged, toddlers develope independence and autonomy whereas if the parent(s) is
overly restricted and protected, the toddler experiences shame, self-doubt, and unhappiness. Feelings of
failure and inadequacy are a part of the industry-versus-inferiority stage in which difficulties with this stage
results in those feelings and competency results in successful psychosocial development. I can relate to
both of these stages and in the past I have experienced both sides of them. My father is very controlling
and I remember while growing up, my sister and I were rarely allowed to do things for ourselves unless
my mother was around because he would always "supervise" the way we did it. If it wasn't the way he
thought it should be, we had to re-do it. After reading the text, I realized that he is the reason I am so
controlling over my life. I'm able to balance it though, and let my son be an individual so long as he
doesn't do anything to hurt himself or others.
DQ5 - Review the Piaget theory of cognitive development on pp. 303 and 304 of Psychology and Your
Life. List each stage of cognitive development, along with one characteristic of each.
According to the Piaget theory of cognitive development, the first stage is the sensorimotor stage, next is
the preoperational stage, then it's the concrete operational stage, and finally the formal operational state.
During the sensorimotor stage, which is from birth to two years old, children base their understanding of
the world on what they touch, chew, shake, suck, and manipulate with one characteristic being the
development of motor skills. The preoperational stage is from two to seven years of age and is where the
development of language and egocentric thinking occurs. The concrete operational stage is marked by
the child mastering the principle of conservation even though some aspects still aren't fully understood.
This stage normally starts around seven years old and ends at 12 years old. From 12 years old and up is
considered the formal operational stage. The main characteristic of this stage is the child's thinking
becomes abstract and logical without relying on events that have been seen.

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