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Psy 201 Week Four




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Week Four
DQ1 – Review pp. 244–248 of Psychology and Your Life. What are the five different approaches to
motivation? Choose one of the approaches and explain how it affects motivation.
According to the book, the five different approaches to motivation are instinct approaches, drive-reduction
approaches, arousal approaches, incentive approaches, and cognitive approaches. Of those five types,
drive-reduction approaches suggest that a deficit of something causes motivation to acquire it. The book
uses water as an example stating that if the body is dehydrated and thirsty, it will create motivation to get
water. The same can be said about food, sex, shelter, etc. I think this is intertwined with
instinct approaches. If the basic necessities are missing or the body isn't getting enough of something, it
sends a signal to get it. That's the reason we get cravings every now and then. It gets broken into primary
drives, which are the basic necessities, and secondary drives, which are behavior needs such as a need
to get perfect grades or a need for attention. All of this occurs in an attempt for the body to return to
homeostasis. That's where the body is balanced and in a steady state. Any change in homeostasis
causes the process to begin.
DQ2 – Review Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs located at the following link:
Explain Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Does this hierarchy make sense to you? Explain why or why not.
Which need to you find most challenging and why?
I have seen this before and I have to say that I still completely agree. I understand why it is setup that way
and it seems like the Hierarchy of Needs can fit anyone. Psychological needs and safety needs are
obviously important, but they are not as important as the need for a relationship, for example, and are
achieved more easily than the other levels. With each new level, the need to fulfill it grows stronger and
the difficulty is increased. The need that is hardest for me is esteem. Even though I am confident in who I
am and confident in my abilities, I still have trouble believing that other people do. Depending on the
situation or topic, my self-esteem is very low. I think a lot of it comes from being disabled. I can no longer
do the things I once did or perform like I expect myself to be able to and it affects the way I look at
myself. I know that influences the way I think others view me too but it's hard not to have tose thoughts. In
some cases like instructing or thinking skills, I'm confident in myself because I know my mind is just as
good as before, but I know physically I'm not the same.
DQ3 – Based on Figure 1 on p. 268 of Psychology and Your Life, list the five main emotions. Choose one
positive and one negative emotion to discuss related to being a student. Provide one example of how
these emotions may affect your performance in class.
According to the book, the five main emotions are love, joy, anger, sadness, and fear. Of those, anger,
sadness, and fear are negative emotions while love and joy are positive emotions. I think that joy and fear
are the positive and negative emotions most commonly related to being a student. When things are going
smoothly and a student is getting good grades, joy is felt. It can be in any form of bliss, contentment, or
pride. Showing off a high grade can is an example of pride and joy. However, regardless of how joyful a
student may be, there is still always fear as well. It normally manifests itself as worry in most students, but
it's possible some students can be horrified by certain aspects of being a student. The worry is usually
about grades dropping, scoring high on exams, and worry may even be about getting a lenient, or "nice",
teacher. Joy can encourage me to continue studying hard and keep my overall morale up. If I'm making
good grades, I'm more likely to keep trying whereas if I'm doing poorly, I'll probably want to quit. Fear
could also cause me to quit or perform poorly. Worrying that a class may be too difficult can result in
dropping it.

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DQ4 – What are the biological factors that motivate human sexual behavior? What are some theories that
may determine sexual orientation?
One of the most influential biological factors that motivate sexual behavior is hormones. During the
puberty process, hormones are released that change the body physically and also create a sex drive. In
males, the hormone is androgens and because it is produced by the testes constantly, men are able and
interested in sexual activities without biological cycles. Women, however, are on a cycle. The ovaries
produce progesterone and estrogen with the greatest production being made during ovulation. One theory
that tries to explain sexual orientation suggests that there are genetic causes while another suggests that
hormones play a role. There is some evidence that suggests differences in brain structure could be
related to sexual orientation. Although family dynamics is yet another theory, there is little evidence to be
able to make these claims. Personally, I think it could be a combination of all of these theories with one
addition; people just choose their sexual orientation just like they choose what type of music they like. It's
a conscious decision that those people make.
DQ5 - Watch the Motivation and Emotion – Interactive Tutorial located at the following link:
Describe the three main types of needs. Identify four of the 10 suggestions for living a happier life.
The need for achievement- This need is affiliated with school and career. People under this category do
not care what others think about their choices. They make decisions as individuals and measure
achievements individually. They make decisions to what will move them forward in a professional
way also. A new job is excellent because it gives them a new challenge that they try to excel in and build
upon. Mostly anyone with the need to achieve will most likely be successful and well off financially.
The need for affiliation- This selection of people go off of the thoughts of others. They will act, talk,
dress, and do as others do to be accepted. When it comes to making decisions, other opinions are valued
and asked often. People with this need make great team players.
The need for power-This selection of people want to posses control. People who have this need value
high standing and prestige. They would be the least likely to move up the corporate ladder because it
could mean a sacrifice of power.
Four out of ten suggestions for a happier life
#1) Realize that enduring happiness doesnt come from wealth.
#6) Give your body sleep when it wants it.
#7) Give priority to close relationships.
#10) nurture your spiritual life.

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I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!