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Scholarly Argument

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ashford university
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Running Head: SCHOLARLY ARGUMENT 1
Scholarly Argument
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SCHOLARLY ARGUMENT 2
Introduction
Punishment in any society aims to prevent crime from happening and to provide justice to
victims. The death penalty, also known as capital punishment, entails using death to punish
heinous crimes. In the United States, twenty-nine states allow the death penalty as a form of
punishment to deter future crimes from happening. In these 29 states, only three (Pennsylvania
since 2015, Oregon since 2011, and California since 2019) governors have used executive order
to halt the death penalty although it's legally allowed. The rest states have abolished the death
penalty. This essay examines the question, "does capital punishment deter crimes in society."
The paper analyzes a scholarly article to understand both sides of this controversial topic, and at
the end, the paper evaluates academic and non-scholarly sources credibility.
Scholarly argument in favor of capital punishment
The scholarly article I chose supports capital punishment by C.L. Ten and is titled "Mills'
defense of capital punishment." The article was published in 2017 in the Journal of Criminal
Justice and Ethics. Mills argues that the death penalty is appropriate because it provides justice to
the victims of crime, and it's the only fair punishment for any form of aggravated murder.
According to Ten (2017), Mills believed that capital punishment is a great deterrent to crime and
the best alternative life sentence with hard labor. These are the premises of Mills' argument:
P1: Capital punishment is an alternative form of punishment and is good compared to life
imprisonment since it's less cruel and very effective
P2: Heinous crimes such as murder are a product of the criminal's general behavior, and
therefore, the best way to deter future crimes is through capital punishment.
P3: All forms of punishment whose punishment depends on long-term punishment are
more severe and less effective in deterring crimes.

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Running Head: SCHOLARLY ARGUMENT 1 Scholarly Argument Student Name Course Institution Instructor Date SCHOLARLY ARGUMENT 2 Introduction Punishment in any society aims to prevent crime from happening and to provide justice to victims. The death penalty, also known as capital punishment, entails using death to punish heinous crimes. In the United States, twenty-nine states allow the death penalty as a form of punishment to deter future crimes from happening. In these 29 states, only three (Pennsylvania since 2015, Oregon since 2011, and California since 2019) governors have used executive order to halt the death penalty although it's legally allowed. The rest states have abolished the death penalty. This essay examines the question, "does capital punishment deter crimes in society." The paper analyzes a scholarly article to understand both sides of this controversial topic, and at the end, the paper evaluates academic and non-scholarly sources credibility. Scholarly argument in favor of capital punishment The scholarly article I chose supports capital punishment by C.L. Ten and is titled "Mills' defense of capital punishment." The article was published in 2017 in the Journal of Criminal Justice and Ethics. Mills argues that the death penalty is appropriate because it provides justice to the victims of crime, and it's the only fair punishment for any form of aggravated murder. According to Ten (2017), Mills believed that capital punishment is a great deterrent to crime and ...
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