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The middle east

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The Middle East
Question one
Gelvin, in his discussion of the defensive developmentalism and the imperialism, refers
to how such process led to increased threat for the existing social groups. He helped in the
creation of newer social categories, which were not in existence in the previous periods. The
basis for the defensive developmentalism was to create a modern military power that would
defend the region from the European interventions and the internal oppositions. The major step
that was initially made in the Middle East was to eliminate the entrenched military caste with the
primary interest being the prevention of modernization. The objective was to preserve the
privileges that had been established under the status quo. These castes were adversely affected
by the defensive developmentalism when Muhammad Ali violated the disposing of the
Mamelike rivals.
This happened in a massacre when Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II mercilessly destroyed the
Janissary corps around the 1826 auspicious incident. The Europeans enacted the Middle Eastern
imperialism by using the economic penetrations as well as the diplomatic coercions. This
occurred outside Middle East and sometimes through a direct colonization. Algeria transformed
from being Ottoman Empire and became the French city, and the French government occupied

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Surname 2
the country. Mount Lebanon underwent the process of sectarianism that had an impact on the
imperialism (Burke 24-25). It allowed the spread of politics in the region with the universal
religion. The European defended the Christian in this area and insisted that it should be made
autonomous from the previous empire. The Egyptians were also imperialized through the
European defensive developmentalism. Mehmet Ali reformed the Egyptian military and
expanded the territory. The growth of cotton in turn fueled Egyptian economy.
Question two
The aftermath of the Second World War led to the gradual loss of the European control
over the Arab world. It also resulted in the rise of the brief moment dominated by optimism.
Many people were of the view that an opportunity that they had waited had downed, where they
needed to realize the meaningful self-determinations. This opening did not however last longer
than anticipated. The Arab world soon found itself awash in the military coups that were
conducted nationally. Besides, the single party states, as well as the authoritarian monarchies,
also participated in the coups. After a couple of decades, the postcolonial elite seized the power
and shaped the political landscape.
The newly uprising rulers were the native Muslims but behaved in eerily familiar ways.
Therefore, a new gap between the society and the state came into being (Gelvin 2-4). It was a
replica of the colonial one that existed before. The only change made was that the Arabs rules
instead of the Europeans. The term neocolonialism best described this. The analysts of the Arab
springs are wrong since neocolonialism is inseparable from the global events. The surge of
democratization is consistently under questioning followed by an undertow of the viability of
such governance in the region. As the political progress stall, it is followed by the conservative

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Surname 1 Name Course Tutor Date The Middle East Question one Gelvin, in his discussion of the defensive developmentalism and the imperialism, refers to how such process led to increased threat for the existing social groups. He helped in the creation of newer social categories, which were not in existence in the previous periods. The basis for the defensive developmentalism was to create a modern military power that would defend the region from the European interventions and the internal oppositions. The major step that was initially made in the Middle East was to eliminate the entrenched military caste with the primary interest being the prevention of modernization. The objective was to preserve the privileges that had been established under the status quo. These castes were adversely affected by the defensive developmentalism when Muhammad Ali violated the disposing of the Mamelike rivals. This happened in a massacre when Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II mercilessly destroyed the Janissary corps around the 1826 auspicious incident. The Europeans enacted the Middle Eastern imperialism by using the economic penetrations as well as the diplomatic coercions. This occurred outside Middle East and sometimes through a direct colonization. Algeria transformed from being Ottoman Empire and became the French city, and the French government occupied Surname 2 the country. Mount Lebanon underwent the process of sectarianism that had an impact on the imperialism (Burke 24-25). It allowed t ...
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Tags: There are two big parts which are Part1 and Part 2 Part 1 is essays questions and will be 5 pages Part 2 is identify terms tell the significance and i so please just answers the each question not general and superficial I dont need general background and information from the Internet and Wikipedia including introduction Refer the books I up If you think the source is necessary for supporting your thinking please use Gelvins book 1 How did defensive developmentalism IMPERIALISM and integration and peripheralization transform the Middle Eastern state Be sure to describe the Middle Eastern state before the Great Nineteenth Cen the early modern state and its descendents and after as well as the transformation of the mediated to the unmediated state the transformation of subjects into citizens and the transformation of the role and reach of the state 2 All too often analysts of the Arab Spring have isolated events that took place within a four month period from events that took place before All too often they have viewed those events in isolation from global events as well Tracing global and regional history since the end of World War II explain why they are wrong 3 Why might the first decades of the sixteenth century and World War I be considered turning points in the history of the the war might be seen as the most important political event in the history of the region On the other hand the Middle East that emerged from the war bore a striking resemblance to the prewar Middle East both economically and socially Explain 5 Trace the and strategic reasons underlying the Near Eastern Question and the Great Game World War I as it affected the Middle East the mandates system America and Middle East during the cold war America and the Middle East from the end of the cold war through the present day PART2 You will have to identify and tell the significance of ten o My friend involved in the plagiarism so please be careful about plagiarism American Civil War Article 22 of the Charter of the League of Nations Balfour Declaration Bretton
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