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American Revolutionary War
This article is about military actions primarily. For origins and aftermath, see American
Revolution.
The American Revolutionary War (April 19, 1775 September 3, 1783), also known as the
Revolutionary War or the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from
thirteen American colonies of British America in Congress against Great Britain over their
objection to Parliament's taxation policies and lack of colonial representation.[m] From their
founding in the 1600s, the colonies were largely left to govern themselves. The cost of victory in
the 1754 to 1763 French and Indian War and the 1756 to 1763 Seven Years' War left the British
government deeply in debt; the colonies, where the war was fought, equipped and populated
the British forces there at the cost of millions of their own funds. The Stamp Act and Townshend
Acts provoked colonial opposition and unrest, leading to the 1770 Boston Massacre and 1773
Boston Tea Party. When Parliament imposed the Intolerable Acts in spring 1774 upon
Massachusetts, twelve colonies sent delegates to the First Continental Congress (September 5
October 26, 1774) to draft a Petition to the King and organize a boycott of British goods.
American Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War (collage).jpg
Left, Continental infantry at Redoubt 10, Yorktown; Washington rallying the broken center at
Monmouth; USS Bonhomme Richard capturing HMS Serapis
Date April 19, 1775 September 3, 1783
(8 years, 4 months and 15 days)
Location
Eastern North America, North Atlantic Ocean, the West Indies
Result
AmericanAllied victory:
Treaty of Paris
British recognition of American independence
End of the First British Empire
Territorial
changes Great Britain cedes control of all territories east of the Mississippi R.; south of the
Great Lakes & St. Lawrence R. to Spanish Florida
Belligerents
United States
13 Colonies:
New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware

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Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia
Vermont Republic
France
Co-belligerents
Spain Spain
Dutch Republic
Combatants
American Indians
Oneida
Tuscarora
Catawba
Lenape
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Mahican
Mi'kmaq[a]
Abenaki
Cheraw
Seminole
Pee Dee
Lumbee
Great Britain
Loyalists
Treaty auxiliaries
German mercenaries/auxiliaries[2]
Wappen-HK (1736-1804).svg Hesse-Cassel
Wappen-HK (1736-1804).svg Hesse-Hanau
Coat of Arms of the Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont.svg Waldeck
Coat of Arms of Brunswick-Lüneburg.svg Brunswick
Wappen Brandenburg-Ansbach.svg Ansbach
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt-Zerbst (XVIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Zerbst
Hanover
Combatants
American Indians
Onondaga
Mohawk

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American Revolutionary War This article is about military actions primarily. For origins and aftermath, see American Revolution. The American Revolutionary War (April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783), also known as the Revolutionary War or the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from thirteen American colonies of British America in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament's taxation policies and lack of colonial representation.[m] From their founding in the 1600s, the colonies were largely left to govern themselves. The cost of victory in the 1754 to 1763 French and Indian War and the 1756 to 1763 Seven Years' War left the British government deeply in debt; the colonies, where the war was fought, equipped and populated the British forces there at the cost of millions of their own funds. The Stamp Act and Townshend Acts provoked colonial opposition and unrest, leading to the 1770 Boston Massacre and 1773 Boston Tea Party. When Parliament imposed the Intolerable Acts in spring 1774 upon Massachusetts, twelve colonies sent delegates to the First Continental Congress (September 5 – October 26, 1774) to draft a Petition to the King and organize a boycott of British goods. American Revolutionary War Revolutionary War (collage).jpg Left, Continental infantry at Redoubt 10, Yorktown; Washington rallying the broken center at Monmouth; USS Bonhomme Richard capturing HMS Serapis Date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783 (8 years, 4 months a ...
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