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IJP Volume 5 Issue 4 Pages 4687 4697

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http:// Review Article (Pages: 4687-4697) The Prevalence of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate and Related Risk Factors among Iranian Children from 2000 to 2016: a Literature Review Arman Jafari1, *Kourosh Zarea2, Negar Mehregan31 1 Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran. Associate Professor, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Disease, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. 3Surgical of Technologist Student, Student Research Committee, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. 2 Abstract Background Cleft lip and cleft palate (also, known as or facial clefts), are amongst the most common congenital deformities affecting the jaw and face as well as the most common defects associated with lip and palate. Thus, the current study was an attempt to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of or facial clefts in Iranian children. Materials and Methods The present study, was conducted through a systematic search for articles recorded in the internal database (SID, IranMedex and Magiran), and external authoritative databases (Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE) using the keywords including "cleft lip", "Iranian", "cleft palate", and "children" from 2000 to 2016. Then, 61 articles were collected. 47 studies with associated incidence or prevalence of cleft lip and cleft palate were included. Results ...
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