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Dr Asad Zain Fourth draft

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1 Factors predisposing to Cleft Lip and Palate in Children in Tertiary Care Hospital Lahore First draft Dr. Asad Zain Roll No. 651-17 MPH Dr. Asad Zain Institute of Public Health Lahore Roll No. 651-17 2 INTRODUCTION Dr. Asad Zain Institute of Public Health Lahore Roll No. 651-17 3 Childbearing is one of the most important physiological properties of living organisms especially human beings. The focus of scientific knowledge in the disciplines of gynecology, obstetrics and pediatrics is to ensure the birth of healthy and defect free offspring. The biggest asset of any country is its young generation of healthy, wise, intelligent, and creative youngsters and children. Congenital malformations appearing in the children are a major factor making such a great asset inefficient and leading to great losses in the human capital. Cleft lip and palate with a measured worldwide incidence of 1 in every 700 live births, is one of these malformations 1. Cleft lip and cleft palate are the congenital abnormality affecting 3 in 1000 live births 2. Cleft lip and cleft palate are one of the most common congenital anomalies caused by the abnormal facial growth during fetal life 3. Cleft lip with or without cleft palate and cleft palate CP, are the most common malformations in newborns. Asians are at higher risk for or facial clefts, followed by Caucasians and African Americans 4, 5 . In Iran, its prevalence is varied from 0.93 to 1.03 per 1,000 births 6. According to the statist ...
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