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Age-related cataracts and associated risk factors among elderly population in India: Findings from a large scale nationally representative cross-sectional survey Authors: Sutapa Agrawal, Jasmine Fledderjohann Abstract Background: Changes in function of sensory organs with increasing age have significant impact on health and well-being of older persons. This age-related condition is likely to have an increasing impact on overburdened health systems in low- and middle-income countries as life expectancy continues to rise. We examined risk factors associated with self-reported diagnosed cataract, a chronic eye condition, among older adults in India. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization’s Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), conducted in six countries including India is used. SAGE Wave 1 in India was conducted in 2007–2008 in a nationally representative sample of 7150 older adults, ≥ 50 years. Data were obtained on socio-demographic and health factors related to self-reported cataracts in older persons in India. Data were analysed using descriptive measures (frequencies and proportions), chi-square test for associations in categorical outcome measures, and logistic regression for predictors of cataracts with STATA version 12. Results: Overall, almost one-fifth (18.4%; n=1173) out of the total sampled 6371 older Indian adults (50 years and above) reported of cataracts. Reported cataracts increased with age, and were more prevalent among ...
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