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Irabian Children study

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The Prevalence of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate and Related Risk
Factors among Iranian Children from 2000 to 2016: a Literature
Review
Arman Jafari1
, *Kourosh Zarea2
, Negar Mehregan31
1Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical
Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran.
2Associate Professor, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Disease, Ahvaz
Jundishapur University of
Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3
Surgical of Technologist Student, Student Research Committee, Department of
Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University Medical Sciences, Ahvaz,
Iran.
Abstract
Background
Cleft lip and cleft palate (also, known as or facial clefts), are amongst the most
common congenital
deformities affecting the jaw and face as well as the most common defects associated
with lip and

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palate. Thus, the current study was an attempt to investigate the prevalence and risk
factors of or
facial clefts in Iranian children.
Materials and Methods
The present study, was conducted through a systematic search for articles recorded in
the internal
database (SID, IranMedex and Magiran), and external authoritative databases (Google
scholar,
PubMed, Science Direct, MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE) using the keywords
including "cleft
lip", "Iranian", "cleft palate", and "children" from 2000 to 2016. Then, 61 articles
were collected. 47
studies with associated incidence or prevalence of cleft lip and cleft palate were
included.
Results
According to the findings of the review of the studies conducted in Iran, it is revealed
that the
prevalence of cleft lip and cleft palate was from 0.78 to 2.14 in Iranian children. It
was revealed that
several factors contributing to the development of this disorder consist of Family
history ( P 0.001),
Antibiotics, ( P 0.001), Stress in the first trimester of pregnancy (P=0.048), BMI

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http:// ijp.mums.ac.ir The Prevalence of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate and Related Risk Factors among Iranian Children from 2000 to 2016: a Literature Review Arman Jafari1 , *Kourosh Zarea2 , Negar Mehregan31 1Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran. 2Associate Professor, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Disease, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. 3 Surgical of Technologist Student, Student Research Committee, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Abstract Background Cleft lip and cleft palate (also, known as or facial clefts), are amongst the most common congenital deformities affecting the jaw and face as well as the most common defects associated with lip and palate. Thus, the current study was an attempt to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of or facial clefts in Iranian children. Materials and Methods The present study, was conducted through a systematic search for articles recorded in the internal database (SID, IranMedex and Magiran), and external authoritative databases (Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, MED ...
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