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Q.3 COUNTRY CHOSEN: PAKISTAN
Ans. Here is an assessment of Pakistan’s progress through demographic transition
since 1980 in the context of its relationship to the regional pattern.
Since its independence in 1947, Pakistan has been undergoing a demographic
transition. Several variables can be used to assess this transition. Some of them are
examined as follows since 1980:
Crude Birth Rate (Per 1000)
Crude birth rate is the number of live births occurring among the population of
a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population
of the given geographical area during the same year.
Pakistan has not been very successful in controlling the crude birth rate compared
to other nations in the region viz India and Bangladesh. In 1980, it had the second
highest birth rate but unfortunately has the highest now.
COUNTRIES
CURRENT
1980
PAKISTAN
28.845
42.204
INDIA
19.658
36.098
BANGLADESH
19.455
43.571
(Per 1000 population as of 2015)
Fertility Rate
The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is the average number of children that would
be born alive to a woman during her lifetime if she were to pass through her
childbearing years having births according to the current schedule of
age-specific fertility rates.
COUNTRIES
CURRENT
1980
PAKISTAN
3.55
6.54
INDIA
2.40
4.83
BANGLADESH
2.18
3.36
(Births per woman as of 2015)
Pakistan had the highest fertility rate in the region in 1980 and continues to
have the same. However, it has dropped significantly from 6.54 to 3.55, being nearly

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half of what it used to be in 1980.
Death Rate
Death Rate is the ratio of deaths to the population of a particular area or during a
particular period of time, usually calculated as the number of deaths per one thousand
people per year
COUNTRIES
CURRENT
1980
PAKISTAN
7.339
12.592
INDIA
7.306
13.283
BANGLADESH
5.35
14.221
(Per 1000 population as of 2015)
Death rate of Pakistan was lowest in the region in 1980 with Bangladesh having the
highest death rate. The entire region had a good reduction in death rates recently.
However, Pakistan has the highest death rate now in the region and Bangladesh has
the lowest.
Rate of population growth
COUNTRIES
CURRENT
1980
PAKISTAN
1.999
3.255
INDIA
1.148
2.304
BANGLADESH
1.08
2.78
(% age as of 2016)
The Population Growth Rate" is the rate at which the number of individuals in a
population increases in a given time period, expressed as a fraction of the initial
population in percentages.
Pakistan had the highest population growth rate in the region in 1980 and still
continues to have the same despite substantial reduction in it.

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Q.3 COUNTRY CHOSEN: PAKISTAN Ans. Here is an assessment of Pakistan’s progress through demographic transition since 1980 in the context of its relationship to the regional pattern. Since its independence in 1947, Pakistan has been undergoing a demographic transition. Several variables can be used to assess this transition. Some of them are examined as follows since 1980: • Crude Birth Rate (Per 1000) Crude birth rate is the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year. Pakistan has not been very successful in controlling the crude birth rate compared to other nations in the region viz India and Bangladesh. In 1980, it had the second highest birth rate but unfortunately has the highest now. COUNTRIES CURRENT PAKISTAN 28.845 INDIA 19.658 ...
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