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Factors Predisposing to Cleft Lip and Palate in Childern in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Dr. Asad Zain Roll No. 651-17 MPH 6
Institute of Public Health Lahore
List of Abbriviations
AKU Agha Khan University
CL Cleft Lip
CLP Cleft Lip and Palate
CP Cleft Palate
IPH Institute of Publich Health
JPMA Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
OFC Orofacial Cleft
SPSS Staticial Package for Social Sciences
WHO World Health Organization

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Factors Predisposing to Cleft Lip and Palate in Childern in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Dr. Asad Zain Roll No. 651-17 MPH 7
Institute of Public Health Lahore
Summary
Cleft lip and palate, also known as oral cleft is one of most prevelant oro -
facial deformities. it includes cleft lip, cleft palate and both together.
Children suffering from these birth defects face a lot of problems and
challenges in their life including discrimination and prejudice.
An environment and complex multi faceted genetic etiology is involved in
oral clefts .Number of factors determining risk of cleft lip and palate
include malformation present in family, race and sex of affected
individuals, history of consaguinous marriage and delayed first conception
Typically, children with these disorders need multidisciplinarycare from
birth to childhood which include primary surgical repair, hearing
assessment, speech therapy and psychological support.
There is lack of proper knowledge of factors predisposing to cleft lip and
palate in children in developing countries; therefore we plan this study with
aim to determine the predisposing factors for cleft lip and palate in
children, their association with other congenital malformations and presence
of other associated risk factors in these patients.
The present case control study will be conducted at out patient and indoor
department of paediatric surgery and plastic surgery department of children
hospital Lahore by taking sample size of 110 (55 cases and 55 control).The
participants will be interviewed using a structured performa after informed
consent.The data will be entered on SPSS version 20 and analyzed
accordingly.

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Factors Predisposing to Cleft Lip and Palate in Childern in a Tertiary Care Hospital List of Abbriviations AKU Agha Khan University CL Cleft Lip CLP Cleft Lip and Palate CP Cleft Palate IPH Institute of Publich Health JPMA Journal of Pakistan Medical Association OFC Orofacial Cleft SPSS Staticial Package for Social Sciences WHO World Health Organization Dr. Asad Zain Roll No. 651-17 Institute of Public Health Lahore MPH 6 Factors Predisposing to Cleft Lip and Palate in Childern in a Tertiary Care Hospital Summary Cleft lip and palate, also known as oral cleft is one of most prevelant oro facial deformities. it includes cleft lip, cleft palate and both together. Children suffering from these birth defects face a lot of problems and challenges in their life including discrimination and prejudice. An environment and complex multi faceted genetic etiology is involved in oral clefts .Number of factors determining risk of cleft lip and palate include malformation present in family, race and sex of affected individuals, history of consaguinous marriage and delayed first conception Typically, children with these disorders need multidisciplinarycare from birth to childhood which include primary surgical repair, hearing assessment, speech therapy and psychological support. There is lack of proper knowledge of factors predisposing to cleft lip and palate in children in developing countries; therefore we plan this study with aim to determine the predisposing facto ...
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