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Q 2 Revised

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CHOSEN COUNTRY: IRAN
Ans.
(i)
Here is an assessment of the current state of poverty in Iran compared to its
neighbors Pakistan & Afghanistan.
Iran:
Poverty Measures:
Iran’s Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of
population) was 0.3% in 2009 and 0.1% 2013
Poverty Gap Index (PGI) of Iran is 0.03 (2013)
No data is found for Iran regarding the Multi-Dimensional Poverty
Index (MPI)
Assessment of the current state of poverty:

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Poverty is estimated to have fallen from 13.1 percent to 8.1 percent between
2009 and 2013 (US$5.5 a day line in 2011 PPP). This was likely due to a
universal cash transfer program in late 2010, which preceded the elimination
of subsidies on energy and bread. The program appears to have more than
compensated for the likely increase in energy expenditures of less-well-off
households, thus contributing to positive consumption growth of the bottom
40 percent of the population, even though overall consumption growth
between 2009 and 2013 was negative. However, poverty increased in 2014,
which may have been associated with a declining social assistance in real
terms
Pakistan:
Poverty measures
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) was
7.9% in 2011 & 6.1% in 2013
PGI of Pakistan was 0.87 in 2013
MPI of Pakistan stands at 0.197. (2014-15)
Afghanistan:
Poverty measures
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) was
0.3% in 2009 and 0.1% in 2013
PGI : No data found for Afghanistan
MPI of Iran is 0.293 (2013-4)
Poverty increased substantially from 36 percent in 2011-12 to 39 percent in
2013-14. As a result, 1.3 million more Afghans were unable to satisfy their
basic needs.
Iran’s position with respect to Pakistan and Afghanistan
As far as poverty head count ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) is
concerned, it is similar with that of Afghanistan, and both are far better as compared
to Pakistan. The poverty gap index is much better than Pakistan as well. It is a

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CHOSEN COUNTRY: IRAN Ans. (i) Here is an assessment of the current state of poverty in Iran compared to its neighbors Pakistan & Afghanistan. Iran: Poverty Measures: • Iran’s Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) was 0.3% in 2009 and 0.1% 2013 • Poverty Gap Index (PGI) of Iran is 0.03 (2013) • No data is found for Iran regarding the Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Assessment of the current state of poverty: Poverty is estimated to have fallen from 13.1 percent to 8.1 percent between 2009 and 2013 (US$5.5 a day line in 2011 PPP). This was likely due to a universal cash transfer program in late 2010, which preceded the elimination of subsidies on energy and bread. The program appears to have more than compensated for the likely increase in energy expenditures of less-well-off households, thus contributing to positive consumption growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population, even though overall consumption growth between 2009 and 2013 was negative. However, poverty increased in 2014, which may have been associated with a declining social assistance in real terms Pakistan: Poverty measures • Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day ( ...
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