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CORRECTED MAIN DISSERTATION

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Assessment of Quality of Life of Caregivers of Epileptic Children at The Children’s
Hospital and The Institute of Child Health, Lahore
Dr Allah Rakha Roll No.653-17 MPH 1
Institute of Public Health, Lahore
Epilepsy is one of the commonly occurring neurological disorders that affect
people of all nations, all ages and all races.
1
Epilepsy is the most common
serious neurological disorder and is one of the world's most prevalent non-
communicable diseases. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by
recurrent seizures, which are sudden surges of electrical activity in the brain is
epilepsy. Epilepsy tends to arise suddenly, as it has highly changeable
character and high psychological impact.
2
Epilepsy is also classified as a “seizure disorder”. Seizures are the periods of
hyperactivity in which neurons act more rapidly than normal. Children are
more vulnerable to epilepsy.
3
Epilepsy has devastating consequences for
people's lives. Some are related to injuries and a high risk of premature death,
including sudden unexpected death associated with seizures.
4
The clinical hallmark of epilepsy is the incidence of episodes termed as
seizures which are the classic clinical manifestations; signs and symptoms as
a result of abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal brain activity.
Epilepsy can be diagnosed if at least two unprovoked (or reflex) seizures
occur more than 24 hours apart, in case of one unprovoked (or reflex) seizure
with a high probability of recurrence or in case of a diagnosis of an epilepsy
syndrome.
5

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