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II. What to include in the critical review
A. Reference citation
1. required information a. name(s) of author(s): last name first,
followed by first and middle initials for each author, in publication order
b. date of publication (year) c. title of article d. name of journal, using
appropriate abbreviations e. volume number f. inclusive page numbers
2. example: Munoz, M.J., Ramon, C., and Tarazona, J.V. 1996.
Bioaccumulation and toxicity of hexachlorobenzene in Chlorella
vulgaris and Daphnia magna. Aquatic Toxicol 35:211-220.
B. Critical review of journal article: use the example questions as
a guide only (the questions are provided only as a starting point for
how to critically review a scientific journal article); each section of the
review should be text dealing with that particular component of the
paper (e.g., the paper’s objectives), not just rote answers to the
sample questions.
1. Write an overall summary of the article in your own words (do
not copy the author’s abstract)
2. Significance of study
a. Why is this particular study important? b. Does the introduction
provide sufficient information to determine the need for the study?
3. Objective(s)
a. Describe the objectives of the study b. Are the objectives clear and
reasonable?
4. Hypothesis(es)
a. Is there a stated hypothesis for the study? b. What information is
presented to back up the hypothesis?
5. Methodology
a. Does the methodology sufficiently address the objectives? b. Are
the methods utilized in the study new? Revised? Previously published
by this author? “Tried and true”? c. What is the sample size used?

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Large enough? Adequately defined? d. What methods are described?
Are they described adequately? Is there enough information on
methods presented that you could repeat the study? If not, what
information is missing? e. Are the test and control variables clearly
defined and accounted for? f. Are there adequate control groups or
reference samples?
6. Results
a. Are the results presented in a clear, concise and understandable
way? b. Do the results address the objectives? c. Are the tables and
figures used effectively? d. Do the statistical analyses make sense? e.
Do the results make sense?
7. Discussion and conclusions
a. Is the discussion section clearly presented and understandable?
b. Do the conclusions make sense on the basis of the results
presented?
c. Does this study add new information to the body of scientific
knowledge?
d. Are the results at odds with current thinking on the subject? Does
the research raise new questions? Are the results controversial?
8. Literature cited
a. Are there adequate citations to show the author has thoroughly
reviewed the background literature?
b. Does the author present supporting as well as opposing
viewpoints?
9. Your conclusions about the article
III. Format and style for journal article review
A. 2-3 pages (excluding tables and figures, if included),
B. Double spaced, 12-point font, 1-inch margins
C. Set Layout for continuous line numbers

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II. What to include in the critical review A. Reference citation 1. required information a. name(s) of author(s): last name first, followed by first and middle initials for each author, in publication order b. date of publication (year) c. title of article d. name of journal, using appropriate abbreviations e. volume number f. inclusive page numbers 2. example: Munoz, M.J., Ramon, C., and Tarazona, J.V. 1996. Bioaccumulation and toxicity of hexachlorobenzene in Chlorella vulgaris and Daphnia magna. Aquatic Toxicol 35:211-220. B. Critical review of journal article: use the example questions as a guide only (the questions are provided only as a starting point for how to critically review a scientific journal article); each section of the review should be text dealing with that particular component of the paper (e.g., the paper’s objectives), not just rote answers to the sample questions. ...
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