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Sociology

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Sociological questions.
1.What is "instrumental rational action?"
This is a form of rational behavior suggested by Marx Weber, where he states that the concept is
dominating the world of capitalists. Weber says that it is a strategic as well as a cost-benefit step,
the proponent move ahead to state that human beings aims at attaining a certain target at the long
run which has some calculations. Therefore, we have to set the means that will enable us achieve
the set goals from the existing options which is the action. Instrumental rational action thus
arrests some means of calculations regarding the behavior that the society, organization and the
individuals participates in when making decisions on the cost- benefit steps or actions. For
example higher learning education (Michelle D, 2010). This needs to generate high higher
income by the end of the whole program, this is the outcome that has been taken into
consideration. The end result is targeting to benefit the person taking the action.
According to Weber, instrumental rational action is evaluated by our expectations on the impact
of behaviors on the environment and those of the other individuals. These expectations are
therefore used as the conditions for achieving the set targets, which justifies the end. However,
the cost-benefit dominates in the capitalists societies while the profit-and-loss is taken the ledger
that is applied where the profit is the criterion applied in analyzing the behaviors.
2.How is the conflict perspective used to analyze social issues? Who in society is most likely
to adopt the conflict perspective? Provide an example from the course to illustrate your
answer
The conflict theory, emerges from the work of Karl Marx, he believes that the society is a
flexible unit constantly passing through change guided by the class conflict, the conflict

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perspective perceives social life as a challenge. However, according to the conflict theory, the
society is made up of individuals competing for limited resources such as monetary values,
leisure and also sexual partners. Competition over the available resources that are scarce is at the
centre of the social relationships. Competition, but not the consensus, is a component of human
relationships. Broader social structures and corporate such as government and various religions
reflect the struggle for resources and the inherent inequality competition entails; some people
and organizations have many resources such as influence and also power, and apply those
resources to secure their political and power in the society.
C. Wright Mills is also considered as the pioneer of modern conflict theory, he believes that
social structures emerges as a result of conflict between interests that are not in agreement.
Individuals are then influenced by formulation of social units, and the usual outcome is the
differential of power between the "educated" and the "non-elites". An example of the "educated
group or elite" is just the government and some great organizations. In the society those who are
termed as have not are the ones most likely to apply the conflict theory in order to try and change
their status in the society.
3.What is the sociological imagination and how does sociology help us to understand the
structure of society, social relations of power, and the inequalities that exist between social
groups? You can choose to focus on any of the following - class, race, ethnicity, gender, or
sexuality. Provide one or more examples to illustrate your answer
Sociological imagination is the ability to view how sociological scenarios play out because of
how individuals disagree in terms of their positions in a social or historical situations. It is a form
of thinking about things in society that have led to some sort of impacts, and knowing what

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Sociological questions. 1.What is "instrumental rational action?" This is a form of rational behavior suggested by Marx Weber, where he states that the concept is dominating the world of capitalists. Weber says that it is a strategic as well as a cost-benefit step, the proponent move ahead to state that human beings aims at attaining a certain target at the long run which has some calculations. Therefore, we have to set the means that will enable us achieve the set goals from the existing options which is the action. Instrumental rational action thus arrests some means of calculations regarding the behavior that the society, organization and the individuals participates in when making decisions on the cost- benefit steps or actions. For example higher learning education (Michelle D, 2010). This needs to generate high higher income by the end of the whole program, this is the outcome that has been taken into consideration. The end result is targeting to benefit the person taking the action. According to Weber, instrumental rational action is evaluated by our expectations on the impact of behaviors on the environment and those of the other individuals. These expectations are therefore used as the conditions for achieving the set targets, which justifies the end. However, the cost-benefit dominates in the capitalists societies while the profit-and-loss is taken the ledger that is applied where the profit is the criterion applied in analyzing the behaviors. 2.How is the conflict ...
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