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Technology in Transportation in Orlando

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Technology in Transportation in Orlando: Intelligent (Networked) Highways
Executive Planning
In 2014, the cost of congestion on roads globally reached a high of $160 billion. While
this cost is high, if the traffic congestion menace is not solved, it will continue to increase in the
future. California, being one of the most developed states in the United States, attracts a lot of
visitors and investors who make it have serious occurrences of congestions in some of its cities.
This problem is coupled with the fact that Californians, on the average, have high incomes that
enable them to purchase cars, resulting in most of its roads being congested during peak hours.
This paper evaluates how technology can be integrated into the current transport network of
Orlando, Florida to solve its current congestion problems.
The congestion costs in the United States were $160 billion in 2014, up by $4 billion
from their 2013 figures (Florida Department of Transport [FDOT], 2). During this period, the
traffic delays resulted in over 6.9 billion hours being wasted in travel and an extra consumption
of more than 3.1 billion gallons of fuel. In Florida alone, the congestion cost was $8.75 billion.
Approximately 388 million hours were wasted in travel delays, and there was a consumption of
an extra 175 million gallons of fuel. In Florida, Miami was the most congested city and had
annual delay of 52 hours. Orlando was the second, with an annual delay of 46 hours for each
commuter (FDOT, 4).
Congestion normally occurs when traffic exceeds the road capacity. As a result, vehicles
move at slow speeds, there are usually long trip times, there is an increase in queuing, and the
usage of more fuel on transport. The adoption of technology on Orlando’s transport system will
result in the following benefits for the city:
1. Better traffic control.
2. Prevention and detection of road accidents.
3. Enforcement of traffic laws.
4. Provision of a good driving experience for drivers.
Big Picture Overview
Although most congestions occur during peak hours, and it is impossible to fully stop
them at these hours, 41% of total delays happen overnight or in midday (FDOT 4). Therefore,
congestions are not only caused by heavy traffic but also additional factors such as careless
driving. At this rate, the congestion levels are expected to result in a total delay of 8.3 billion
hours and congestion costs of $192 billion by 2020. Consequently, an average commuter will
spend an extra 47 hours and 21 gallons of fuel on transport (FDOT 5). In this regard, the
establishment of intelligent (networked) highways in Orlando will result in the reduction of
traffic congestion, in turn leading to a reduction in congestion costs.
Objectives of the Adoption of Technology in Orlando Transportation
1. Reduction in traffic congestion in the city.
2. Minimization of the occurrences of accidents in the city.
3. Reduction in response time to any eventualities on the highways.
Overview of Transport System
In an intelligent highway system, the communication systems on roads are able to capture
all events that happen on roads. These systems then send the data online through various

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