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The Antikythera Mechanism

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The Antikythera Mechanism
The Antikythera Mechanism is one of the oldest astronomical instruments in the world.
The Antikythera Mechanism was discovered between the years 1900 and 1901 in an ancient
shipwreck in the Greek island of Antikythera.
1
It is probably the first known Mechanical
Universe and Planetarium, and also the first analog computer. Importantly, the Antikythera
Mechanism served as an astronomical, climatological, and meteorological device, which made it
have a central role in everyday life of ancient Greeks.
2
Therefore, this device illustrates the
ancient Greeks advancement in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology, and their
desire to understand and influence their environment.
Functions of the Antikythera Mechanism
Since time immemorial, people have been trying to understand and control their
environment. This desire made them want to know how they can predict seasons, know time
zones of different areas, and understand different climatic environments. Moreover, the
understanding of the different world latitudes and longitudes was an essential social science in
applied social science.
3
Gradually, people started to understand the regularity of motions,
celestial bodies, stars, the moon, and planets, and how they relate to their seasons. It is from this
understanding that people developed various astronomical tools. Therefore, as an astronomical
1
X, Moussas, “The Antikythera Mechanism, the Oldest Known Astronomical Device and
Mechanical Universe,European Planetary Science Congress 2010 5, no. EPSC20101-901,
(2010): 1.
2
Ibid., 2
3
Ibid., 2.

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THE ANTIKYTHERA MECHANISM Student’s Name Class Date 1 The Antikythera Mechanism The Antikythera Mechanism is one of the oldest astronomical instruments in the world. The Antikythera Mechanism was discovered between the years 1900 and 1901 in an ancient shipwreck in the Greek island of Antikythera.1 It is probably the first known Mechanical Universe and Planetarium, and also the first analog computer. Importantly, the Antikythera Mechanism served as an astronomical, climatological, and meteorological device, which made it have a central role in everyday life of ancient Greeks.2 Therefore, this device illustrates the ancient Greeks advancement in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology, and their desire to understand and influence their environment. Functions of the Antikythera Mechanism Since time immemorial, people have been trying to understand and control their environment. This desire made them want to know how they can predict seasons, know time zones of different areas, and understand different climatic environments. Moreover, the understanding of the different world latitudes and longitudes was an essential social science in applied social science.3 Gradually, people started to understand the regularity of motions, celestial bodies, stars, the moon, and planets, and how they relate to their seasons. It is from this understanding that people developed various astronomical tools. Therefore, as an astronomical 1 X, Moussas, “The Antikythera Mechanism, th ...
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