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Urban Environments

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Urban Environments
Urbanization is occurring at a faster rate than any time before. As a result, there are
currently more people living in cities than in rural areas (Brenner 32). An urban area is simply a
human settlement that has a high population density and a lot of infrastructures. On the contrary,
a small town refers to a region that has a low population and few infrastructure (Buckley et al
81). Due to the current socio-economic pressures in most countries, there has been a lot of
urbanizations. The primary causes of this urbanization are the rural-urban migration and the
presence of more employment opportunities in cities than in rural areas.
Urban areas usually have high population densities, high density of buildings, and high
levels of pollution. The huge population is typically due to rural-urban migration, while the
scarcity of land in urban leads to the development of high-rise buildings. Normally, the shortage
of resources combined with the high concentration of industries results in high levels of pollution
in urban areas (Birch and Wachter 131). On the contrary, small towns usually have low
population densities, few buildings, and low levels of pollution. Further, the availability of land
results in large areas of green spaces. Additionally, the lack of slums and the presence of only a
few industries results in low levels of pollution in these regions. Further, unlike small towns,
urban areas have high levels of class extremes. In these places, slums of the poor exist alongside
palatial homes of the rich, and towering apartment blocks of the middle class.

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The multicultural nature of most urban areas makes them shape human relations and
cultures. In particular, people in urban areas learn cultures, traditions, religions, beliefs, and
customs of people from various parts of the world. As a result, they become more tolerant and
appreciative of people who are different from them (Wagner 89). Therefore, urban areas promote
social integration. Noteworthy, the multicultural nature of the urban regions leads to erosion or a
combination of cultures. In this case, the exposure to people from the different areas makes some
people abandon some of their traditions, which they view as being retrogressive.
Besides facilitating the exchange of cultures, urbanization leads to a breakage of the
social fabric in most communities. The cost of living and the small sizes of urban buildings
makes most people live in nuclear families. Aggravating this situation is the individualistic and
materialistic nature of urban dwellers (Wagner 142). In urban areas, most people are usually
concerned about their welfare and happiness. Similarly, social existence of people in urban
communities revolves around a person’s possessions. Consequently, most dwellers in these areas
do not allocate a lot of time to interact with their extended family members, which leads to a
breakage in relationships.
Cities are usually more prone to freedom than other regions due to their unique
economies and their social setup. Typically, various factors such as trade, service, and
manufacturing drive the economies of cities. Additionally, individuals have a wide gap in
incomes, which makes them enjoy different lifestyles. Consequently, the different financial
pressures cause people to have varying opinions on issues such as the cost of living and the
government’s role in the society (Birch and Wachter 76). The multicultural societies in most
urban areas also lead to people having liberal ideas. These cultural and social variations of urban

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Surname 1 Surname Tutor Course Date Urban Environments Urbanization is occurring at a faster rate than any time before. As a result, there are currently more people living in cities than in rural areas (Brenner 32). An urban area is simply a human settlement that has a high population density and a lot of infrastructures. On the contrary, a small town refers to a region that has a low population and few infrastructure (Buckley et al 81). Due to the current socio-economic pressures in most countries, there has been a lot of urbanizations. The primary causes of this urbanization are the rural-urban migration and the presence of more employment opportunities in cities than in rural areas. Urban areas usually have high population densities, high density of buildings, and high levels of pollution. The huge population is typically due to rural-urban migration, while the scarcity of land in urban leads to the development of high-rise buildings. Normally, the shortage of resources combined with the high concentration of industries results in high levels of pollution in urban areas (Birch and Wachter 131). On the contrary, small towns usually have low population densities, few buildings, an ...
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