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VIKINGS CULTURE

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THE VIKINGS CULTURE
The Vikings Culture
The Vikings were the Norse people who came from Scandinavian countries (Norway, Sweden,
and Denmark). As they left their countries, they travelled with longboats to other countries like
Britain and Ireland and as soon as they reached the shores of these countries, they were warmly
welcomed but instead, they fought the local people, stealing from their churches, and burnt their
buildings to the ground. These people were regarded as fearsome warriors and they raided some
monasteries just for pleasure hence they were referred to as a pirate raid. Vikings explored as far
as North America and also travelled all over the world including Russia to trade in the Middle
East countries. This movements made them to be great explorers.
Generally the Vikings were pagans since they worshipped a pantheon of many gods
and goddesses and each one of these represented a specific aspect of the world as they
experienced it. Although they were viewed as pagans and plunderers, they were quick to adopt
Christianity a longside their gods. The idea of paganism was fueled because there were no
churches in these Scandinavian countries and as a result, their religion was highly personalized
and varied from one place to another. There were two categories of gods, the Aesir and the
Vanir. These gods lived in Asgard, a kingdom that was connected to the mortal earth (Midgard)
by a rainbow bridge (Bifrost). The pantheon included Odion who was their primary god, Thor
who was their hammer-wielding god of thunder, and Frejya who was their god of fertility and
beauty. There was also an existence of various evil giants, dark elves, and dwarves. These evil
giants were the greatest enemies of their gods and these resulted to a greater conflict between
them. Thor could fight the giants because this god had a lot of strength. Other gods used to rely
on cunning in order to fight these giants. Odin had some clever tricks that could be used to fight
the giants but when other gods needed a cunning plan, they all turned to the fire god Loki to

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THE VIKINGS CULTURE
destroy those giants with fire. The Vikings attacked Christian churches very easily because the
monasteries were wealthy but poorly defended thus making it easier for them to plunder into
them.
The Viking Era had major changes in the Scandinavian economy since very few
people had knowledge about the coinage. The influence of trade with foreign countries led to
introduction of some foreign coins into these countries. These coins were valued in terms of their
weight in silver or gold and circulated alongside many other forms of precious metals. The
weight of the coin and the purity of precious metals were the major determinants for trade and
not what the form the metal took. Therefore, this led to what is known as a bullion form of
economy. Silver circulated in the country in the form of bars, jewellery, and ornaments. Traders
used to carry some small scales that they could use them to measure weights very accurately thus
it was easy to enhance trade and exchange even without use of a regular coinage.
Movements of the Vikings from their mother countries were aided by the following
reasons. Vikings were fierce, hit and, run raiders who were well known especially when they
raided Christian monasteries. Since many of them were farmers, they moved out of their
countries to look for agricultural lands and carry out their agricultural activities and trade. Their
endless search for wealth and riches also contributed immensely to their migration. Some
historians hold their beliefs that the Vikings migrated from their countries in order to increase
their materialistic horizons and also believed that it was much better to steal than to work for
riches. Another factor that contributed to their migration was their ever increasing population.
Due to high population growth, the Vikings lands became scarce and thus wealthy Vikings who
had many possessions were in need of more room for their wealth and a comfortable living. The
need for this comfort made them to migrate to other countries where they conquered and settled

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THE VIKINGS CULTURE The Vikings Culture The Vikings were the Norse people who came from Scandinavian countries (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark). As they left their countries, they travelled with longboats to other countries like Britain and Ireland and as soon as they reached the shores of these countries, they were warmly welcomed but instead, they fought the local people, stealing from their churches, and burnt their buildings to the ground. These people were regarded as fearsome warriors and they raided some monasteries just for pleasure hence they were referred to as a pirate raid. Vikings explored as far as North America and also travelled all over the world including Russia to trade in the Middle East countries. This movements made them to be great explorers. Generally the Vikings were pagans since they worshipped a pantheon of many gods and goddesses and each one of these represented a specific aspect of the world as they experienced it. Although they were viewed as pagans and plunderers, they were quick to adopt Christianity a longside their gods. The idea of paganism was fueled because there were no churches in these Scandinavian countries and as a result, their religion was ...
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