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Running head: WATER QUALITY ALERT SYSTEM
1
Water Quality Alert System for Detection of Brine Spills from Brine Injection Well in Torch,
Ohio
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WATER QUALITY ALERT SYSTEM 2
Water Quality Alert System for Detection of Brine Spills from Brine Injection Well in Torch,
Ohio
Overview of an Injection Well
Unconventional means of gas production, such as fracking have the potential of leading
to energy independence among many oil-importing countries. Incorporation of recent
technologies such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling has facilitated for the extraction
of natural gas from the shale formation. While these technologies have led to the surge in the
number of companies engaging in oil production, there has been a rise of concern in the
environmental risks caused by the increased level of mining.
An injection well is simply an underground injection of fluids into the subsurface through
the well bore. There are three subclasses of Class 2 injection wells, salt-water disposal wells,
enhanced oil recovery (EOR) wells, and hydrocarbon storage wells. In the production of oil,
there is usually a need to purify the oil and salt-water mixture. In fact, there is usually an average
of 10 barrels of salt water for every barrel of crude oil (Ground Water Protection Council, 2016).
The resultant purification of this mixture leads to the emergence of brine and oil.
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) injection wells work just like salt-water injection wells. In
these wells, water flooding is used where the brine that was co-produced with oil is reinjected
into the oil producing formation to force the oil into pumping wells. As a result, there is
additional oil recovery. The tertiary recovery process of EOR works by re-injecting the brine as
well as gas, fresh water, and special additives to enhance the extraction of oil, and accordingly to
extend the life of an oil well. Finally, hydrocarbon storage wells are simply underground storage
of crude oil in natural occurring salt formations. These wells are designed in a manner that they
enable removal as well as storing hydrocarbons.

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Running head: WATER QUALITY ALERT SYSTEM 1 Water Quality Alert System for Detection of Brine Spills from Brine Injection Well in Torch, Ohio Student’s Name Institution Affiliation WATER QUALITY ALERT SYSTEM 2 Water Quality Alert System for Detection of Brine Spills from Brine Injection Well in Torch, Ohio Overview of an Injection Well Unconventional means of gas production, such as fracking have the potential of leading to energy independence among many oil-importing countries. Incorporation of recent technologies such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling has facilitated for the extraction of natural gas from the shale formation. While these technologies have led to the surge in the number of companies engaging in oil production, there has been a rise of concern in the environmental risks caused by the increased level of mining. An injection well is simply an underground injection of fluids into the subsurface through the well bore. There are three subclasses of Class 2 injection wells, salt-water disposal wells, enhanced oil recovery (EOR) wells, and hydrocarbon storage wells. In the production of oil, there is usually a need to purify the oil and salt-water mixture. In fact, there is usually an average of 10 barrels of salt water for every barrel of crude oil (Ground Water Protection Council, 2016). The resultant purification of this mixture leads to the emergence of brine and oil. Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) injection wells work just like salt-water injec ...
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