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WORK,SOCIAL JUSTICE 2

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Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE 1
Punishment and Welfare: Social Problems and Social Structures
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CRIMINAL JUSTICE 2
Punishment and Welfare: Social Problems and Social Structures
David Garland, NYU
In the sociology of punishment and comparative penology it has become common to observe
critical associations ‘punishment’ and ‘welfare’. In this paper I talk about these associations by
exploring the current writing, I provide a critique that the article does not provide adequate
insight as far as these relationships are concerned consequently i give my opinion that ,These
relationships are neither straightforward nor well understood .they ought to see these
relationship in relation to the social problems these policies purportedly address (usually thought
of as ‘crime’ and ‘poverty’ respectively) and also in relation to the larger social and economic
processes that shape these policies and generate these problems.
Punishment-welfare connection is currently conceptualized in two rather different ways as a
historical relationship and as a comparative correlation. Historical relationship As highlighted by
the author gives an historical thesis about the rise and subsequent retrenchment of welfare states
and the impact of these welfare state developments on penal policy and criminal justice. This
relationship describe how the emergence of welfare states in the UK and the US at the start of the
20
th
century reshaped ideas of crime causation and criminal responsibility and prompted the
development of an array of ‘penal-welfare’ practices, the most important of which were the
juvenile court, probation, social inquiry reports, social work with offenders and indeterminate
sentencing. Though the author provides explicit information on historical relationships, he does
not provide clear information as to how historical relationships have been retrenched and the
impact of that retrenchment on criminal justice in the recent years (Baldwin 1990). He author
ought to have shown the systematic changes in penal-welfare practices of mid-20
th
century in
America and Britain. Social changes are transitional meaning that current changes link to the

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Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE 1 Punishment and Welfare: Social Problems and Social Structures Student’s Name Institution Affiliation CRIMINAL JUSTICE 2 Punishment and Welfare: Social Problems and Social Structures David Garland, NYU In the sociology of punishment and comparative penology it has become common to observe critical associations ‘punishment’ and ‘welfare’. In this paper I talk about these associations by exploring the current writing, I provide a critique that the article does not provide adequate insight as far as these relationships are concerned consequently i give my opinion that ,These relationships are neither straightforward nor well understood .they ought to see these relationship in relation to the social problems these policies purportedly address (usually thought of as ‘crime’ and ‘poverty’ respectively) and also in relation to the larger social and economic processes that shape these policies and generate these problems. Punishment-welfare connection is currently conceptualized in two rather different ways – as a historical relationship and as a comparative correlation. Historical relationship As highlighted by the author gives an historical thesis about the rise and subsequent retrenchment of welfare states and the impact of these welfare state developments on penal policy and criminal justice. This relationship describe how the emergence of welfare states in the UK and the US at the start of the 20th century reshaped ideas ...
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