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Running head: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 1
Title of the Most Fascinating Research Project
(Center Title, Use Upper and Lowercase Letters, Keep Title to Twelve Words or Less)
Susan Studious
(Omit Credentials)
University of San Diego
NURS101 Essentials of APA Style and Formatting (Class Number and Name)
Wendy Excellent-Professor, PhD, RN (Professor’s Full Name and Credentials Found on Course
Home Page)
January 1, 2018 (Due Date of Project from Syllabus)
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 2
Journal Article Title (Title of Paper is Centered, and not Bolded)
Do not add any extra spaces between your title and your text just double space, as usual,
indent your work half an inch, and start typing your introduction in black, 12-point Times New
Roman font. It is assumed that your first paragraph will be an introduction, so the paper should
not receive a specific introductory heading.
Discuss how and why the particular topic was chosen. Who? Introduces the
primary author with a brief description of the author’s background and affiliations. What?
Identifies primary question(s) of interest. Why? Explains the value of the journal article and
why the question(s) of interest is(are) worth answering
How the research was conducted
Your discussion must be clear, in-depth, concise, and insightful. The discussion must
reflect theory. Recaps essential information from the methods set forth in the article.
Demonstrates that attention was paid to sound experimental design with the proper use of
sampling procedures described in detail. Problems that arose in data collection are openly
discussed along with the response to those problems. If a survey was given, a copy of it is
included (add it in the appendix). Design of the study clearly ties to main objectives.
Collected Data, Analysis, and Results
Clearly and concisely discuss the application of collected data and analysis. Also, include
summary tables and graphs.
Conclusions
Includes an introduction that identifies the parameter of interest, the question(s) of
interest, and introduces the testing procedures that follow and why they were selected (1 page)
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 3
Concludes by summarizing results in a non-statistical manner and their implications for
the organization (i.e., don’t use phrases like p-value, or alpha, but explain what all of it means
so that someone who has not taken statistics can understand the results) (1-2 pages)
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Selected Statistical Methods
Reflect on the results and discuss why they are trustworthy or be honest about why they are not.
Discuss how the study could be been improved if done again. Analysis is critical and specific
avoids stating phrases such as everything went ok, etc.
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 4
References
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological
Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Caturegli, P., DeRemigis, A., Chuang, K., Dembele, M., Iwama, A., & Iwama, S. (2013).
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: Celebrating the centennial through the lens of the Johns Hopkins
hospital surgical pathology records. Thyroid, 23(2), 142-150. doi:
10.1089/thy.2012.0554.
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 5
More APA TIPS
Format Rules
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) delineates
specifics on correct formatting, such as margins, headings, citations, grammar, and the reference
page.
Margins
Margins are one inch on all sides. Click on the Page Layout tab, then on Margins. Select
Normal margins, one inch all around. From the same Page Layout tab, adjust your spacing to 0
pt. before and after a paragraph. This rule is broken only to avoid placing a lone heading on the
last line of the page or a single line of text on the top of the next page.
Headers
The page header contains the words Running head with a capitalized, abbreviated title of
your paper aligned to the left, and a page number aligned with the right margin. The very first
page of your document is page number one, and is also the only one that contains the words
Running head in its header. The subsequent pages contain Arabic numerals 1,2,3…etc., and only
the abbreviated title in capital letters. The automatic header function in Microsoft Word should
be used for the running head, the page numbers, and the different first page (see Appendix A for
step-by-step instructions).
Document Headings
Paragraph headings should be used in long documents to organize the essay, to break it
up into readable portions, and to make it easy for readers to locate information. Use paragraph
headings in order of subordination, with level one being the highest (broadest) heading, and level
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 6
two a heading of a paragraph that describes a portion of the first, etc. Although you will most
likely use only the first two level headings in your work, it is a good idea to review page 63 of
your APA manual for specific formatting of headings. This paper uses three types of headings.
Reference Page
Hanging indentation is used for the reference page. The reference page is alphabetized by
the first author’s last name, and each entry contains the date of publication in parentheses
directly after the author’s name. The title, the place of publication, and the name of the publisher
follow the date of publication for a book entry. The proliferation of electronic materials has
prompted APA to create formats designed specifically for Internet and web-based written
material. Visit the APA website at http://www.apastyle.org for additional information about
formatting electronic references. You will also find frequently asked questions and helpful free
tutorials about using APA style. Always make sure that all references that have been cited in the
paper are listed on the reference page and vice versa. Personal communications are cited in the
text, but do not appear on the reference page because the reader cannot retrieve them (Dr. K.K.
Richmond, personal communication, September 11, 2013).
In-Text Citations
Direct quotations. Direct quotations must be exactly the same as the original source
word for word, even if errors are contained in the original text. To alert the reader that errors are
part of the original material, the word [sic], enclosed in brackets and italicized, must follow the
erroneous material. The source of the quotation must be cited. The format of direct quotations
may vary with the placement of the quoted material in the sentence. The following is an example
of how you may use a direct quotation from a website with an author: “Kristen Swanson’s
Theory of Caring is based on her experiences as a maternal-child healthcare practitioner”.
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 7
(Watson, 1998, p.268). The author’s last name, the year of publication, the website title or
section title, and the paragraph number, when no page number is available, are included in the
citation. The following is an example of how one may use a direct quotation from a book with
two authors: Bloomquist and Robbins (2001) stated, “The types of influenza doctors must
prepare for fall into three categories” (p. 106). If the authors’ name is stated prior to the
quotation, include the date of publication (in parentheses) after the authors’ names, and follow
the quotation with the page or paragraph number. If you state their names after the direct
quotation, write the direct quote in double quotation marks, followed by (Bloomquist & Robbins,
2001). Note the word ‘and’ if the authors’ names are within the text and the ampersand (&) if
they are mentioned in parentheses after the quotation or summary. To cite work with two
authors, use both authors’ last names for every citation. If the source has three to five authors but
fewer than six authors, list all authors in the first citation, and use the first author’s last name and
the words et al. followed by the publication year for the rest of the citations. If the source has
more than six authors, you may use the first author’s last name and the words et al., followed by
the year of the publication for every citation. Your research will be strengthened if you use more
than one source to support your assertions. In this case, alphabetically by first author’s last
name, cite your sources in parentheses after your summary using the same rules for individual
and multiple authors outlined above (Alexander, 2015; Barr, Anatoly & Gray, 2014; Xiao et al.
2010). Refer to the reference list as well as pages 42 and 175 in your APA manual for examples.
Direct quotations that contain fewer than 40 words are enclosed in double quotation
marks within the text. Use single quotation marks for quotations contained within a direct
quotation.
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 8
Quotations of 40 Words or More. Quotations of 40 words or more are indented in a
block format without quotation marks. Use double quotation marks to indicate a quotation within
the block quotation. The block quotation is started on a new line, and it is indented five to seven
spaces or one-half inch.
Students are told to use active voice in their academic writing. Many students new to
APA style and formatting often wonder about what constitutes active, and what exactly
constitutes passive voice. Passive voice obscures the actor of this sentence: “The patient
was prepped for surgery,” because it omits who prepped the patient. In contrast, the same
sentence written in active voice: “The primary nurse prepped the patient for surgery,”
gives the actor’s identity, thus, converting this sentence into its active form. Overuse of
the passive voice causes the document to read similarly to an instructional manual, and
weakens the essay’s argument. In addition, it is prudent to ask yourself if the participle in
any given sentence is truly possible, such as the “essay shows that”. The essay really
cannot show anything, and so it is better to state that the author stated/was able to
prove/examined the issue…etc. (Alexander, 2015, p.498).
Paraphrased or summarized material. Each time a writer uses summaries or
paraphrases someone else’s work, the writer should include the original author’s names in the in-
text citation (Durant, Kolb & Watson, 2015). Although the name/s of the authors/s and the year
of publication is necessary, the Publication Manual recommends that writers include a page or
paragraph number to help the reader easily locate the information (APA, 2010, p. 171).
Plagiarism. To better understand the definition of plagiarism, and truly understand how
to cite work, please complete the online plagiarism module at:
https://www.indiana.edu/~istd/definition.html.
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Conclusion
In this section, summarize what you have learned, how you will approach similar
situations in the future, or answer a hypothesis. This section should contain your insights, and
usually is not supported by citations. In addition, this is the section in which you should make
references to self in first person. Stating “The writer believes that” is ambiguous, and may give
the impression that you did not participate. Using the first person personal pronoun “I have
learned that” gives your instructor a clear idea of what you have learned, and what he or she may
suggest as your next assignment to help you learn. Remember, your professors already know the
material you are learning. Papers you are writing should reflect what and how you learned!
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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 10

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 1 Title of the Most Fascinating Research Project (Center Title, Use Upper and Lowercase Letters, Keep Title to Twelve Words or Less) Susan Studious (Omit Credentials) University of San Diego NURS101 Essentials of APA Style and Formatting (Class Number and Name) Wendy Excellent-Professor, PhD, RN (Professor’s Full Name and Credentials Found on Course Home Page) January 1, 2018 (Due Date of Project from Syllabus) JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 2 Journal Article Title (Title of Paper is Centered, and not Bolded) Do not add any extra spaces between your title and your text –just double space, as usual, indent your work half an inch, and start typing your introduction in black, 12-point Times New Roman font. It is assumed that your first paragraph will be an introduction, so the paper should not receive a specific introductory heading. Discuss how and why the particular topic was chosen. Who? – Introduces the primary author with a brief description of the author’s background and affiliations. What? – Identifies primary question(s) of interest. Why? – Explains the value of the journal article and why the question(s) of interest is(are) worth answering How the research was conducted Your discussion must be clear, in-depth, concise, and insightful. The discussion must reflect theory. Recaps essential information from the methods set forth in the article. Demonstrates that attention was paid to sound experimental design with the proper use of sampling procedures described in detail. Problems that arose in data collection are openly discussed along with the response to those problems. If a survey was given, a copy of it is included (add it in the appendix). Design of the study clearly ties to main objectives. Collected Data, Analysis, and Results Clearly and concisely discuss the application of collected data and analysis. Also, include summary tables and graphs. Conclusions Includes an introduction that identifies the parameter of interest, the question(s) of interest, and introduces the testing procedures that follow and why they were selected (1 page) JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 3 Concludes by summarizing results in a non-statistical manner and their implications for the organization (i.e., don’t use phrases like p-value, or alpha, but explain what all of it means so that someone who has not taken statistics can understand the results) (1-2 pages) Strengths and Weaknesses of the Selected Statistical Methods Reflect on the results and discuss why they are trustworthy or be honest about why they are not. Discuss how the study could be been improved if done again. Analysis is critical and specific – avoids stating phrases such as “everything went ok”, etc. JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 4 References American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Caturegli, P., DeRemigis, A., Chuang, K., Dembele, M., Iwama, A., & Iwama, S. (2013). Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: Celebrating the centennial through the lens of the Johns Hopkins hospital surgical pathology records. Thyroid, 23(2), 142-150. doi: 10.1089/thy.2012.0554. JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 5 More APA TIPS Format Rules The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) delineates specifics on correct formatting, such as margins, headings, citations, grammar, and the reference page. Margins Margins are one inch on all sides. Click on the Page Layout tab, then on Margins. Select Normal margins, one inch all around. From the same Page Layout tab, adjust your spacing to 0 pt. before and after a paragraph. This rule is broken only to avoid placing a lone heading on the last line of the page or a single line of text on the top of the next page. Headers The page header contains the words Running head with a capitalized, abbreviated title of your paper aligned to the left, and a page number aligned with the right margin. The very first page of your document is page number one, and is also the only one that contains the words Running head in its header. The subsequent pages contain Arabic numerals 1,2,3…etc., and only the abbreviated title in capital letters. The automatic header function in Microsoft Word should be used for the running head, the page numbers, and the different first page (see Appendix A for step-by-step instructions). Document Headings Paragraph headings should be used in long documents to organize the essay, to break it up into readable portions, and to make it easy for readers to locate information. Use paragraph headings in order of subordination, with level one being the highest (broadest) heading, and level JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 6 two a heading of a paragraph that describes a portion of the first, etc. Although you will most likely use only the first two level headings in your work, it is a good idea to review page 63 of your APA manual for specific formatting of headings. This paper uses three types of headings. Reference Page Hanging indentation is used for the reference page. The reference page is alphabetized by the first author’s last name, and each entry contains the date of publication in parentheses directly after the author’s name. The title, the place of publication, and the name of the publisher follow the date of publication for a book entry. The proliferation of electronic materials has prompted APA to create formats designed specifically for Internet and web-based written material. Visit the APA website at http://www.apastyle.org for additional information about formatting electronic references. You will also find frequently asked questions and helpful free tutorials about using APA style. Always make sure that all references that have been cited in the paper are listed on the reference page and vice versa. Personal communications are cited in the text, but do not appear on the reference page because the reader cannot retrieve them (Dr. K.K. Richmond, personal communication, September 11, 2013). In-Text Citations Direct quotations. Direct quotations must be exactly the same as the original source word for word, even if errors are contained in the original text. To alert the reader that errors are part of the original material, the word [sic], enclosed in brackets and italicized, must follow the erroneous material. The source of the quotation must be cited. The format of direct quotations may vary with the placement of the quoted material in the sentence. The following is an example of how you may use a direct quotation from a website with an author: “Kristen Swanson’s Theory of Caring is based on her experiences as a maternal-child healthcare practitioner”. JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 7 (Watson, 1998, p.268). The author’s last name, the year of publication, the website title or section title, and the paragraph number, when no page number is available, are included in the citation. The following is an example of how one may use a direct quotation from a book with two authors: Bloomquist and Robbins (2001) stated, “The types of influenza doctors must prepare for fall into three categories” (p. 106). If the authors’ name is stated prior to the quotation, include the date of publication (in parentheses) after the authors’ names, and follow the quotation with the page or paragraph number. If you state their names after the direct quotation, write the direct quote in double quotation marks, followed by (Bloomquist & Robbins, 2001). Note the word ‘and’ if the authors’ names are within the text and the ampersand (&) if they are mentioned in parentheses after the quotation or summary. To cite work with two authors, use both authors’ last names for every citation. If the source has three to five authors but fewer than six authors, list all authors in the first citation, and use the first author’s last name and the words et al. followed by the publication year for the rest of the citations. If the source has more than six authors, you may use the first author’s last name and the words et al., followed by the year of the publication for every citation. Your research will be strengthened if you use more than one source to support your assertions. In this case, alphabetically – by first author’s last name, cite your sources in parentheses after your summary using the same rules for individual and multiple authors outlined above (Alexander, 2015; Barr, Anatoly & Gray, 2014; Xiao et al. 2010). Refer to the reference list as well as pages 42 and 175 in your APA manual for examples. Direct quotations that contain fewer than 40 words are enclosed in double quotation marks within the text. Use single quotation marks for quotations contained within a direct quotation. JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 8 Quotations of 40 Words or More. Quotations of 40 words or more are indented in a block format without quotation marks. Use double quotation marks to indicate a quotation within the block quotation. The block quotation is started on a new line, and it is indented five to seven spaces or one-half inch. Students are told to use active voice in their academic writing. Many students new to APA style and formatting often wonder about what constitutes active, and what exactly constitutes passive voice. Passive voice obscures the actor of this sentence: “The patient was prepped for surgery,” because it omits who prepped the patient. In contrast, the same sentence written in active voice: “The primary nurse prepped the patient for surgery,” gives the actor’s identity, thus, converting this sentence into its active form. Overuse of the passive voice causes the document to read similarly to an instructional manual, and weakens the essay’s argument. In addition, it is prudent to ask yourself if the participle in any given sentence is truly possible, such as the “essay shows that”. The essay really cannot show anything, and so it is better to state that the author stated/was able to prove/examined the issue…etc. (Alexander, 2015, p.498). Paraphrased or summarized material. Each time a writer uses summaries or paraphrases someone else’s work, the writer should include the original author’s names in the intext citation (Durant, Kolb & Watson, 2015). Although the name/s of the authors/s and the year of publication is necessary, the Publication Manual recommends that writers include a page or paragraph number to help the reader easily locate the information (APA, 2010, p. 171). Plagiarism. To better understand the definition of plagiarism, and truly understand how to cite work, please complete the online plagiarism module at: https://www.indiana.edu/~istd/definition.html. JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 9 Conclusion In this section, summarize what you have learned, how you will approach similar situations in the future, or answer a hypothesis. This section should contain your insights, and usually is not supported by citations. In addition, this is the section in which you should make references to self in first person. Stating “The writer believes that” is ambiguous, and may give the impression that you did not participate. Using the first person personal pronoun “I have learned that” gives your instructor a clear idea of what you have learned, and what he or she may suggest as your next assignment to help you learn. Remember, your professors already know the material you are learning. Papers you are writing should reflect what and how you learned! JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW 10 Name: Description: ...
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