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The ideal State/Society of Plato and al-Farabi(Abu Nasr Muhamad Al-Farabi) Notes

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC THOUGHTS, 2, 61-80, 2013 Copyright © BIIT ISSN 2306 -7012 The ideal State/Society of Plato and al-Farabi : A comparative analysis Muhammad Rafiqul Islam* Abstract : Abu Nasr Muhamad Al-Farabi is known as the founder of Islamic NeoPlatonism. He has not been well studied and his political theory is not well known. It is therefore essential to study al-Farabi and compare his theory with the one propounded by Plato. This study found many similarities between the two philosophers but it also found that al-Farabi has taken stand on several issues which is not in conformity with the opinion held by Plato in his Republic. It has to do with the fact that al-Farabi was a Muslim and his theory bears clear evidence of his adhering to Islamic tenets and principles. Keywords : Al-Farabi, Plato, Ideal State, Islam, Political thought and administration. Introduction The concepts and theories of modern politics and public administration have flourished through the contribution of the political and administrative thinkers of the past. Although the contributions of the ancient Greek political thinkers like Plato and Aristotle are widely known in the discipline of political science, a little is known about the contribution of the Muslim political and administrative thinkers of the Mediaval period. Such a political thinker of the time is al-Farabi who was largely influenced by the political writings and thoughts of Plato and Aristotle. Both Plato and Farabi dev ...
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