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Cough Management in Adults Paper

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Cough Management in Adults
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Cough Management in Adults
Cough in adults can be either acute, chronic, or sub acute based on duration. Acute
cough may last for three weeks, sub acute three to eight weeks, while cough that last longer
than eight weeks is considered chronic. The five-day reproductive cough may be an acute
cough caused by a viral infection in the respiratory tract (Kaplan, 2019). Also, it may be
secondary to an underlying cardio respiratory illness. Upon visiting a doctor, some questions
that the doctor may ask concerning the medical history include: when did you start coughing?
What is the colour of the phlegm? Have you taken any medications? Is there something that
may seem to be triggering your cough? Is there anything that may seem to make the cough
better? Have you experienced a cough before? These questions will help the doctor in the
diagnosis.
Cough management is a diagnostic challenge. In managing a cough, it is important to
perform a clinical assessment consisting of an evaluation of environmental exposure. It also
involves looking for various warning signs like an abnormal chest radiograph, and a review
of the medication profile (Kaplan, 2019). The process helps to determine if there are other
medications known to cause a cough.
Differential diagnoses include Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) occurs
when stomach acid return to the esophagus. The acidic fumes in the stomach irritate the lungs
causing chest pain, cough, and heartburn. Treatment includes an empiric trial of a proton
pump inhibitor. Asthma is another possible diagnosis where the small muscles around an
individual’s airways tighten, making the airway lining swell, causing their cells to produce
thick mucus. The cough, in this case, is a way of getting air into the restricted areas
(Michaudet & Malaty, 2017). In this case the medications used in controlling asthma are
short acting beta agonists, long acting beta agonists with or without inhaled corticosteroids.

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1 Cough Management in Adults Student Name University Course Professor Name Date 2 Cough Management in Adults Cough in adults can be either acute, chronic, or sub acute based on duration. Acute cough may last for three weeks, sub acute three to eight weeks, while cough that last longer than eight weeks is considered chronic. The five-day reproductive cough may be an acute cough caused by a viral infection in the respiratory tract (Kaplan, 2019). Also, it may be secondary to an underlying cardio respiratory illness. Upon visiting a doctor, some questions that the doctor may ask concerning the medical history include: when did you start coughing? What is the colour of the phlegm? Have you taken any medications? Is there something that may seem to be triggering your cough? Is there anything that may seem to make the cough better? Have you experienced a cough before? These questions will help the doctor in the diagnosis. Cough management is a diagnostic challenge. In managing a cough, it is important to perform a clinical assessment consisting of an evaluation of environmental exposure. It also involves looking for various warning signs like an abnormal chest radiograph, and a revie ...
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