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William Graham Sumner and Social Darwinism Question

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Graded Assignment HST303B/304B: U.S. History | Unit 1 | Lesson 14: A New Century Unit Test
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Graded Assignment
Unit Test, Part 2: A New Century
Complete this teacher-scored portion of the Unit Test and submit it to your teacher by the due date for full credit.
(20 points)
1. Yale University professor William Graham Sumner was an advocate of social Darwinism.
Sumner said, “The aggregation of large fortunes is not at all a thing to be regretted, on the
contrary, it is a necessary condition of many forms of social advance…. Millionaires are the
product of natural selection.”
The Salvation Army advocated the Social Gospel. Author Charles M. Sheldon asked his
readers to consider “What would Jesus do?” in regard to society’s problems.
Explain the difference between social Darwinism and the Social Gospel.
What did each school of thought advocate in terms of social policies?
What actions did each believe the government or individuals should take?
Answer:
Social Gospel was the belief that Jesus could solve everything. They believed Jesus’ ethical teachings
could fix the problems caused by capitalism. The Social Gospel was relatively ineffective. It failed to win over
immigrants, it also didn’t offer long term solutions to problems. Social Darwinism wasn’t much better. Social
Darwinism used natural selection to justify conservatism, imperialism, and racism. Neither of these were
productive. Social Gospel wanted the government and the people to conform to the religion. It also would have
made many things illegal. On the other hand, social Darwinism would have wanted the government to stop
helping the poor. Because this related to survival of the fittest. They also believed that some races are biologically
superior to others. Which is completely false.
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Graded Assignment HST303B/304B: U.S. History | Unit 1 | Lesson 14: A New Century Unit Test Name: Date: Graded Assignment Unit Test, Part 2: A New Century Complete this teacher-scored portion of the Unit Test and submit it to your teacher by the due date for full credit. (20 points) 1. Yale Univ ...
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