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NAU North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue Fact Pattern Essay

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National American University

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LP2 Assignment: Fact Pattern
Linda S. Bowman
National American University Online

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Fact Pattern
Background
North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue (NHRFR) was established January 11, 1999 and
provides emergency medical and fire protection services for New Jersey citizens that reside in
five different municipalities (About North Hudson, 2018, para. 1). In 2000, the citizens of North
Hudson’s five municipalities consisted of 22.9% non-Hispanic (white), 69.6% Hispanic, and
3.4% African American. The fire and rescue department employed 323 employees who worked
fulltime, including 302 who were fire fighters. Of these employees, 240 were white non-
Hispanics, 58 Hispanics, and two African Americans (Walsh, 2016, p. 113).
Issue
North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue had a residency requirement for individuals who
wanted to apply for a position as a fire fighter with the department. They required applicants to
reside in one of the five municipalities in order to work for their fire and rescue department.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) has brought a law
suit against NHRFR alleging that the residency requirement had a disparate impact on African
American applicants because the percentage of African American’s residing in the five
municipalities was a low percentage (Walsh, 2016, p. 113). NHRFR claimed they had a
justifiable reason and valid defense for the residency requirement. The reason they claimed was
one of business-necessity. NHRFR claimed that by hiring candidates who reside in one of the
five municipalities, this would allow for swifter response times for emergencies, fire fighters
would have familiarity with the local area, and having a bilingual workforce would help with
citizen communication. The U.S. District Court rejected NHRFR’s business-necessity defense.

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1 LP2 Assignment: Fact Pattern Linda S. Bowman National American University – Online 2 Fact Pattern Background North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue (NHRFR) was established January 11, 1999 and provides emergency medical and fire protection services for New Jersey citizens that reside in five different municipalities (About North Hudson, 2018, para. 1). In 2000, the citizens of North Hudson’s five municipalities consisted of 22.9% non-Hispanic (white), 69.6% Hispanic, and 3.4% African American. The fire and rescue department employed 323 employees who worked fulltime, including 302 who were fire fighters. Of these employees, 240 were white nonHispanics, 58 Hispanics, and two African Americans (Walsh, 2016, p. 113). Issue North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue had a residency requirement for individuals who wanted to apply for a position as a fire fighter with the department. They required applicants to reside in one of the five municipalities in order to work for their fire and rescue department. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) has brought a law suit against NHRFR alleging that the residency requirement had a disparate impact on African American applicants because the percentage of African American’s residing in the five municipalities was a low percentage (Walsh, 2016, p. 113). NHRFR claimed they had a justifiable reason and valid defense for the residency requirement. The reason they claimed was one of business-necessity. NHRF ...
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