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Clostridium Difficile Infection Discussion

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Clostridium difficile infection is an inflammation of the colon caused by the bacteria Clostridium
difficile. It is as a result of the disruption of normal, healthy bacteria in the colon, usually as a
result of antibiotics. C. diff bacteria are commonly found in the environment, but most people
only get C. diff infections when they are taking antibiotics. This is as a result of the fact that
antibiotics not only kill harmful bacteria, but they also kill the harmless bacteria present in the
gut. The actions and effects of these antibiotics can last several months.
C. diff spreads when people touch food, surfaces, or objects that are contaminated with feces
from a person who has C. diff. It is spread by bacterial spores found within the feces. Surfaces
may become contaminated with these spores through the hands of healthcare workers. C. diff is
transmitted feco-orally from person to person.
As a nurse, I would begin enteric precautions. The patient would be placed in a private room and
gloves would be used when entering rooms and providing care to the patient. Adequate hand
hygiene is important, and these would be continued until after the diarrhea stops. Contact
precaution is also very important. They include gloves, gown, proper hand washing. Staff and
family members are encouraged to always wash their hands with soap and water because alcohol
hand sanitizer is not strong enough to remove Clostridium difficile colitis. This will prevent the
spread of disease while caring for the patient.
Contact precautions are an important part of preventing the spread of C. diff. It does not often
occur in people who are not taking antibiotics so limiting use of antibiotics decreases the risk of
infection. These precautions would remain in place in the hospital for at least 2 days after the
diarrhea has stopped.
Bleach wipes containing 0.55% sodium hypochlorite have been shown to kill the spores and
prevent transmission between patients in the hospital. Common hospital disinfectants are

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Clostridium difficile infection is an inflammation of the colon caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile. It is as a result of the disruption of normal, healthy bacteria in the colon, usually as a result of antibiotics. C. diff bacteria are commonly found in the environment, but most people only get C. diff infections when they are taking antibiotics. This is as a result of the fact that antibiotics not only kill harmful bacteria, but they also kill the harmless bacteria present in the gut. The actions and effects of these antibiotics can last several months. C. diff spreads when people to ...
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