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Measles Diagnosis &laboratory Findings Presentation

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MEASLES DR OLASEINDE BELLO DEPT OF PAEDIATRICS UNIMED, ONDO ONDO STATE • • • • • • • • • • • OUTLINE Introduction Epidemiology Aetiopathogenesis Clinical Features Diagnosis &Laboratory Findings Differential Diagnosis Complications Treatment Prevention Prognosis Conclusion INTRODUCTION • Measles is a vaccine preventable viral disease and constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality in tropical and developing countries. • However, the incidence has reduced drastically even in the developing world because of the effective immunization. INTRODUCTION • It occurs only sporadically in the advanced countries where immunization programmes have been successfully implemented and maintained. • Affects mainly under-fives but uncommon before the age of 6 months because of the circulating maternal antibody in the child. INTRODUCTION • It is highly contagious with infectivity rate close to 97 percent with high morbidity and mortality. • Its effect is more marked among undernourished but runs a milder course among the healthy well nourished children. • An attack of Measles confers a life long immunity on the sufferer. AETIOLOGY • The aetiological agent of Measles is the Measles virus. • It is a single-stranded RNA virus in the family Paramyxoviridae and genus Morbillivirus. • Human is the only host of measles virus. Measles Virus EPIDEMIOLOGY • More than 95% of measles deaths occur in low-income countries with weak health infr ...
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