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Creative Writing Morphology Notes

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Homework Assignment
Task 1
A. Open class
B. Complex
C. mean + ing (stem + suffix), -ing is derivational;
D. meaning is a noun;
E. -ing attaches to verbs to create nouns. Note that an -ing morpheme does attach to verbs to create
verbs (for example, walk + ing as in John was walking with his friends). We know, however, that the
-ing in meaning is a noun-forming suffix rather than a verb forming suffix because the plural
morpheme -s can be attached to it: its meanings are part and parcel of its period. The plural
morpheme cannot be attached to walking: *John was walking with his friend.
Task 2
By examining that brief corpus of Spanish nouns, we are able to determine a few morphemes that are
very productive in that language. First, the -a is a flexion for indicating female gender: amig-a,
muchach-a, while the -o indicates either that the person is male or, in the case of plural nouns, that the
noun can refer both to male and female subjects.
Through this limited corpus, we are unable to provide much more information. It is important to note
that common nouns in Spanish can be flexible when they refer to people, or sexual beings (gato/gata,
as in "male cat," "female cat").
But if we just paid attention to the given corpus, we could not tell that while every noun in Spanish
has grammatical gender. The ‘’rule’’ provided by name taken is a rule of thumb for guessing the
gender of an unknown noun, not an explanation of why a specific word is masculine or feminine. For
example, "la cuchara," the spoon, has feminine gender while "el tenedor," the fork, is masculine.
In Hebrew more often it is not a rule of thumb like in Spanish but rather, the noun’s gender refers to
the sex of the referrant (as the word talmid refers to male student while talmida refers to female
student).
Task 3
lexeme: words having a number of inflectional forms of grammatical variants e.g. roast (roasts,
roasted, roasting)
(a) different lexeme
intransitive verb
1: to cook food by heat
Noun
1: a piece of meat suitable for roasting
2: a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
3: an act or process of roasting
(b) different
Noun
A contrivance for roasting something, as an oven, a pan for roasting meat, or a machine for roasting
coffee beans.
A pig, chicken, or other animal or article of a size convenient and grade suitable for roasting.
A person or thing that roasts.
(c) different lexeme
Verb
When you roast meat or other food, you cook it by dry heat in an oven or over a fire.

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Homework Assignment Task 1 A. Open class B. Complex C. mean + ing (stem + suffix), -ing is derivational; D. meaning is a noun; E. -ing attaches to verbs to create nouns. Note that an -ing morpheme does attach to verbs to create verbs (for example, walk + ing as in John was walking with his friends). We know, however, that the -ing in meaning is a noun-forming suffix rather than a verb forming suffix because the plural morpheme -s can be attached to it: its meanings are part and parcel of its period. The plural morpheme cannot be attached to walking: *John was walking with his friend. Task 2 By ...
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