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Asthma Is a Chronic Disease Prognosis and Symptoms Presentation

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HEALTH AND MEDICAL STUDY NOTES    Asthma is a chronic disease that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow. It leads to breathing difficulty such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing Asthma affects about 300 million people globally and accounts for 1 in every 250 deaths in the world. Approximately 12 million people in the United States each year experience an acute exacerbation of their asthma, a quarter of which require hospitalization.     Increasing shortness of breath. Chest tightness. Coughing. And/or wheezing.     Review of comorbidities Adherence to medications Previous episodes of near-fatal asthma Whether the patient has experienced multiple emergency department visits or hospitalizations, particularly those requiring admission to an ICU involving respiratory failure, intubation, and mechanical ventilation.     Recognition of patients who are at a greater risk for near-fatal or fatal asthma Education of the patient to recognize deterioration in their disease Provision of an individual action plan for the patient to manage the exacerbation and to know when to seek professional help Management of comorbidities, such as rhinitis, sinusitis, obesity, GERD, obstructive sleep apnea, (COPD)           Audible wheezing is usually a sign of moderate asthma No wheezing can be a sign of severe airflow obstruction. Chest tightness Cough (with ...
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Very useful material for studying!