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Difference Between Parliament and Congress Paper

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Political Science

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Running head: PROJECT #3 1
Project #3
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PROJECT #3 2
Project #3
The origins of the United States (US) congress may have been initially traced back to the
British parliament. However, through the course of history, both the institutions have evolved
following divergent directions in the last two centuries. The US is republic formed by a federal
constitution that granted its independence against the British in the eighteenth century. This
study will attempt to make comparisons between the British parliament and the United States
congress for purposes of understanding the two institutions and the roles they play in their
respective countries. The reason as to why this study chooses the two countries is simply that the
existence of the American constitution was based on addressing the deficiencies of the United
Kingdom’s constitution (Lijphart 2009). To this end, this study will examine fundamental
purpose of formation, office terms and election timing, political parties and their roles, and
quorums and voting.
The fundamental purposes of the two institutions vary greatly. The British parliament
popularly referred House of Commons provides the forum to which the government is formed
and maintained. The majority party draws the ministers and their deputies to what is referred to
as the block. The legislative agenda harbored by the House of commons reflects that of the
British government. According to Silk and Rhodri (2004), only a few policy initiatives th at the
House may sanction without the approval of the government. On the other hand, Congress
popularly known as the House of Representatives is the forum for oversight with the
independence to make and consider policy preferences that diverge from the policies of the
elected government that exists separately. It exists separately from the executive branch of
governance including the presidency. In terms of the legislative agenda, the House of
Representatives work involves government program funding as well as maintenance. Members

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Running head: PROJECT #3 1 Project #3 Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation PROJECT #3 2 Project #3 The origins of the United States (US) congress may have been initially traced back to the British parliament. However, through the course of history, both the institutions have evolved following divergent directions in the last two centuries. The US is republic formed by a federal constitution that granted its independence against the British in the eighteenth century. This study will attempt to make comparisons between the British parliament and the United States congress for purposes of understanding the two institutions and the roles they play in their respective countries. The reason as to why this study chooses the two countries is simply that the existence of the American constitution was based on addressing the deficiencies of the United Kingdom’s constitution (Lijphart 2009). To this end, this study will examine fundamental purpose of formation, office terms and election timing, political parties and their roles, and quorums and voting. The fundamental purposes of the two institutions vary greatly. The British parliament popularly referred House of Commons provides the forum to which the government is formed and maintained. The majority party draws the ministers and their deputies to what is referred to as the block. The legislative agenda harbored by the House of commons reflects that of the British government. According to Silk and Rhodri (2004), only a f ...
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