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SOC 200 The Electoral College Essay

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Soc 200
The Electoral College
In the video "do you understand the electoral college?" Tera Ross, the narrator, explains
the importance of the electoral college. A significant statement from Ross is that the electoral
college is effective since pure democracies do not exist. In the video, Ross explains that the
American election takes place in two phases: selecting electoral representatives and the second
phase that entails the chosen representatives selecting the president. Moreover, Ross argues that
the electoral college is important since it encourages coalition-building, safeguards against
tyranny by the majority, and eliminates voter fraud (PragerU, 2015). For a proper insight into the
matter, a BBC article expounds on issues revolving around the electoral college by explaining
important issues such as how the electoral college works and its effect on presidential outcomes
(BBC, 2020). The article also states that the primary reason for selecting an electoral college
revolved around the fact that a national popular vote was impracticable due to poor
communication and the country's size.
Regardless of this fact, the electoral college has gained less popularity over the years due
to changing attitudes. According to a 2020 PEW research article, 58% of US adults support the
amendment of the constitution to recognize the popular vote as the defining factor, whereas 40%
preferred to stick to the old system. These changing attitudes have resulted from many defining
factors, such as the electoral college's association with slavery (Daniller, 2020, para 1). In this
regard, Kamala Kelkar writes that the electoral college emerged due to James Madison's
influence on the American constitution. In this regard, the article explains that Madison refuted
the popular vote system on account that black people would cause serious difficulties due to
voting restrictions (Kelkar, 2016, para 1). In this regard, Kamala explains that Madison proposed

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the construction of an electoral college to represent each state in the final presidential elections
by having representatives selected according to a state's population. According to Madison, the
compromise was that black people would embody three-fifths of a person, a factor that helped
Southern states have a massive impact on the voting results (Kelkar, 2016, para 7). Since the
representatives ought to represent each state, "faithless" voters have been an increasing concern.
Regarding the issue, a Washington post provides an insight into the Supreme court's decision that
presidential electors support the popular vote winners (Barnes, 2020). According to the article,
the overall decision was that if the states selected the representatives, then the states had the right
to define the roles of the individuals.
From this information, a conundrum arises regarding the best presidential selection
method. Particularly, Americans need to consider a concern raised that the popular vote might
not represent most American voters. According to the argument, many American votes might not
count toward the election results due to the effect of highly populated states. In this regard,
supporters of the notion state that using the popular vote means that a few large states or densely
populated regions will define the outcome of the voting process, thus taking into consideration
votes of other smaller states. From this perspective, Americans' votes, in this case, represents
state decisions rather than individual wants. In this regard, Ross states that pure democracies are
like two wolves and a lamb debating over what to each for dinner (PragerU, 2015). The example
shows the tyranny associated with the popular vote system.
However, supporters of the National popular vote act contradict this notion in various
ways. According to these individuals, using the popular vote to define presidential outcomes
values each vote. In the "national popular vote" video, the narrator explains that the winner-take-
all rule devalues many American votes since it forces electoral voters to support the popular

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Soc 200 The Electoral College In the video "do you understand the electoral college?" Tera Ross, the narrator, explains the importance of the electoral college. A significant statement from Ross is that the electoral college is effective since pure democracies do not exist. In the video, Ross explains that the American election takes place in two phases: selecting electoral representatives and the second phase that entails the chosen representatives selecting the president. Moreover, Ross argues that the electoral college is important since it encourages coalition-building, safeguards against tyranny by the majority, and eliminates voter fraud (PragerU, 2015). For a proper insight into the matter, a BBC article expounds on issues revolving around the electoral college by explaining important issues such as how the electoral college works and its effect on presidential outcomes (BBC, 2020). The article also states that the primary reason for selecting an electoral college revolved around the fact that a national popular vote was impracticable due to poor communication and the country's size. Regardless of this fact, the electoral college has gained less popularity over the years due to changing attitudes. According to a 2020 PEW research article, 58% of US adults support the amendment of the constitution to recognize the popular vote as the defining factor, whereas 40% preferred to stick to the old system. These changing attitudes have resulted from many defining factors, such ...
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